Universe Guide

106 G. Ceti

106 G. Ceti Facts

  • 106 G. Ceti is a giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cetus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 106 G. Ceti is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (K1III) of the star, the star's colour is orange to red .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 382.82 light years away from us. Distance

106 G. Ceti's Alternative Names

HIP5170 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD6559.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 106 G. Ceti. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 106 G. Ceti

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 106 G. Ceti, the location is 01h 06m 07.73 and -23° 59` 32.5 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 106 G. Ceti

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -33.15 ± 0.29 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -41.28 ± 0.44 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 30.30000 km/s with an error of about 0.80 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 106 G. Ceti

106 G. Ceti Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of K1III , 106 G. Ceti's colour and type is orange to red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1 which means the star's temperature is about 4,849 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

106 G. Ceti Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 63.67 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

106 G. Ceti Radius

106 G. Ceti estimated radius has been calculated as being 8.50 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 5,916,624.90.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 9.280929593813530176415698061. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

106 G. Ceti Iron Abundance

106 G. Ceti Iron Abundance is -0.02 with an error value of 0.05 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

106 G. Ceti Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

106 G. Ceti has an apparent magnitude of 6.12 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.96 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.77. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 106 G. Ceti

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.31000 which gave the calculated distance to 106 G. Ceti as 350.34 light years away from Earth or 107.41 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 2,059,517,613,241,145.93, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 8.52000 which put 106 G. Ceti at a distance of 382.82 light years or 117.37 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 24,209,131.62 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,410.00 Parsecs or 24,168.70 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 106 G. Ceti

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736348,811,763.47
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269334,596,416.53
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54167,297,990.22
New Horizons Probe33,0007,779,559.33
Speed of Light670,616,629.00382.82

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 106 G. Ceti Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name106 G. Ceti
Alternative NamesHD 6559, HIP 5170
Spectral TypeK1III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 0.96 / 0.77
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.12
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 06m 07.73
Declination (Dec.)-23° 59` 32.5
Galactic Latitude-85.43861024 degrees
Galactic Longitude170.31381015 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth9.31000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 350.34 Light Years
 107.41 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth8.52000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 382.82 Light Years
 117.37 Parsecs
 24,209,131.62 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,168.70 Light Years / 7,410.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-33.15000 ± 0.29000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-41.28000 ± 0.44000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1
Radial Velocity30.30000 ± 0.80 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.0200 ± 0.05 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis8575.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)63.6700000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)9.28
Effective Temperature4,849 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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