Universe Guide


112 G. Cen - HD107833 - HIP60454

112 G. Cen is a blue to white main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Centaurus. HIP60454 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD107833. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 112. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of 112 G. Cen

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 112 G. Cen, the location is 12h 23m 36.76 and -39d18`08.5 .

Proper Motion of 112 G. Cen

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 004.17 ± 000.23 towards the north and -021.92 ± 000.48 east if we saw them in the horizon.

112 G. Cen Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 4.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 112 G. Cen

112 G. Cen has a spectral type of F2V. This means the star is a blue to white coloured main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.28 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,322 Kelvin.

112 G. Cen has been calculated as 3.64 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,535,820.25.km.

112 G. Cen Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

112 G. Cen has an apparent magnitude of 6.39 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.01 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.10. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 112 G. Cen

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 8.38 which gave the calculated distance to 112 G. Cen as 389.22 light years away from Earth or 119.33 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 8.77 which put 112 G. Cen at a distance of 371.91 light years or 114.03 parsecs.

It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 389.22 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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112 G. Cen Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional Name112 G. Cen
Hipparcos Library I.D.60454
Gould I.D.112
Henry Draper Designation107833

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude1.01 / 1.10
Apparent Magnitude6.39
Right Ascension (R.A.)12h 23m 36.76
Declination (Dec.)-39d18`08.5
1997 Distance from Earth8.38 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 389.22 Light Years
 119.33 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth8.77 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 371.91 Light Years
 114.03 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.4.17 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-21.92 ± 0.48 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.28
Spectral TypeF2V
Colour(F) blue to white

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)3.64
Luminosity (x the Sun)4.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature7,322 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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