Universe Guide
AliensAliensConstellationsTelevision and Films ListFact ListGames ListWarcraftSearchTwitterFacebook


11 G. Herculis, HD149908, HIP81404

11 G. Herculis is a orange to red star that can be located in the constellation of Hercules. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

11 G. Herculis's Alternative Names

HIP81404 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD149908.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 11 G. Herculis. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+05 3240.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names.

Location of 11 G. Herculis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 11 G. Herculis, the location is 16h 37m 33.76 and +05° 16` 39.2 .

Proper Motion of 11 G. Herculis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -14.50 ± 0.24 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -7.04 ± 0.51 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

11 G. Herculis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 95.8300000 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of 11 G. Herculis

11 G. Herculis has a spectral type of K0. This means the star is a orange to red star. The star is 7273.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23721.8600091200000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.15 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,663 Kelvin.

11 G. Herculis Radius has been calculated as being 9.50 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 6,607,668.73.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 11.85. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

11 G. Herculis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

11 G. Herculis has an apparent magnitude of 6.48 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.89 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.41. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 11 G. Herculis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 7.62 which gave the calculated distance to 11 G. Herculis as 428.04 light years away from Earth or 131.23 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 428.04 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 6.11 which put 11 G. Herculis at a distance of 533.82 light years or 163.67 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,273.00 Parsecs or 23,721.86 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations.

11 G. Herculis Facts

Visual Facts

Alternative NamesHD 149908, HIP 81404, BD+05 3240
Star TypeStar
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude0.89 / 0.41
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.48
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)16h 37m 33.76
Declination (Dec.)+05° 16` 39.2
Galactic Latitude32.05 degrees
Galactic Longitude21.46 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth7.62 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 428.04 Light Years
 131.23 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth6.11 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 533.82 Light Years
 163.67 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,721.86 Light Years / 7,273.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-14.50 ± 0.24 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-7.04 ± 0.51 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.15
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)95.83
Spectral TypeK0
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature4,663 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Add a Comment

Email: (Optional)