Universe Guide

126 G. Cen - HD109312 - HIP61328

126 G. Cen is a blue to white subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Centaurus. HIP is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is . Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of 126 G. Cen

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is from celestial equator. The Declination is how up or down compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 126 G. Cen, the location is 12h 33m 59.26 and -49 d 54`34.9 .

Physical Properties/View of 126 G. Cen

126 G. Cen has a spectral type of F5IV-V. This means the star is (F) blue to white coloured (IV) subgiant. 126 G. Cen lies at a distance of 219.64 light years away from our Sun and our planet Earth or to put it another way, 67.14 parsecs away from the Sun.

126 G. Cen has an apparent magnitude of 6.38 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. 126 G. Cen has an absolute magnitude of 2.24 which is the apparent magnitude of an object if it were 32.6 light years away or 10 parsecs from Earth. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number. The star's temperature has been calculated at being about 6600 Kelvin. (Based on the b-v value of 0.42 and the lookup on SDSS.)

126 G. Cen Radius has been calculated as being 2.55 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,771,242.37. km.

Source of Information

The source of the information came from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years.

126 G. Cen Facts

Traditional Name126 G. Cen
Hipparcos Library I.D.61328
Gould I.D.126
Henry Draper Designation109312
Celestial TypeStar
Absolute Magnitude2.24
Apparent Magnitude6.38
Right Ascension (R.A.)12h 33m 59.26
Declination (Dec.)-49 d 54`34.9
Distance from the Sun / Earth219.64 Light Years
Spectral TypeF5IV-V
Colour (F) blue to white
Star Type (VI) subdwarf star.
Variable Star ClassConstant, non-variable
Radius (x the Sun)2.55
Calculated Temperature Range6,000.00 - 7,500.00

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