The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD33988.
Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 12 Aurigae with it shortened to 12 Aur.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 12 Aurigae, the location is 05h 16m 27.0824322868 and +46° 24` 57.814505109 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.29 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -2.96 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -32.90 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.
12 Aurigae has a spectral type of B2Ve C. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star.
The Parallax of the star is given as 1.39 which gives a calculated distance to 12 Aurigae of 2348.86 light years from the Earth or 720.15 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 2348.86 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star is roughly 148,540,565.17 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||12 Aurigae|
|Alternative Names||HD 33988, 12 Aur|
|Spectral Type||B2Ve C|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||main sequence Dwarf Star|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||05h 16m 27.0824322868|
|Declination (Dec.)||+46° 24` 57.814505109|
|Distance from Earth||1.39 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|2348.86 Light Years|
|148,540,565.17 Astronomical Units|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-1.29 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-2.96 milliarcseconds/year|
|Radial Velocity||-32.90 km/s|