Universe Guide

12 Pegasi

12 Pegasi Facts

  • 12 Pegasi is a supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Pegasus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 12 Pegasi is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (K0Ib) of the star, the star's colour is orange to red .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 1393.86 light years away from us. Distance

12 Pegasi's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8321. HIP107472 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD207089.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 12 Pegasi. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 12 Peg.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+22 4472.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 12 Pegasi

The location of the supergiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 12 Pegasi, the location is 21h 46m 04.36 and +22° 56` 56.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 12 Pegasi

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.83 ± 0.20 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 8.42 ± 0.33 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -11.43000 km/s with an error of about 0.33 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 12 Pegasi

12 Pegasi Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of K0Ib , 12 Pegasi's colour and type is orange to red supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.38 which means the star's temperature is about 4,245 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

12 Pegasi Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 2,572.07 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

12 Pegasi Radius

12 Pegasi estimated radius has been calculated as being 52.38 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 36,446,522.87.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 64.443051187614804314365544712. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

12 Pegasi Iron Abundance

12 Pegasi Iron Abundance is 0.03 with an error value of 0.04 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

12 Pegasi Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

12 Pegasi has an apparent magnitude of 5.29 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.41 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.86. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 12 Pegasi

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.89000 which gave the calculated distance to 12 Pegasi as 1128.59 light years away from Earth or 346.02 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 6,634,557,809,921,290.41, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.34000 which put 12 Pegasi at a distance of 1393.86 light years or 427.35 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 88,146,650.74 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,323.00 Parsecs or 23,884.94 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 12 Pegasi

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A3807361,270,034,911.00
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.2691,218,276,373.08
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54609,137,392.64
New Horizons Probe33,00028,325,627.11
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,393.86

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 12 Pegasi Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name12 Pegasi
Alternative NamesHD 207089, HIP 107472, HR 8321, 12 Peg, BD+22 4472
Spectral TypeK0Ib
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type very luminous Supergiant Star less luminour Supergiant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -2.41 / -2.86
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.29
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)21h 46m 04.36
Declination (Dec.)+22° 56` 56.0
Galactic Latitude-22.82958245 degrees
Galactic Longitude76.64333647 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.89000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1128.59 Light Years
 346.02 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth2.34000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1393.86 Light Years
 427.35 Parsecs
 88,146,650.74 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance23,884.94 Light Years / 7,323.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-1.83000 ± 0.20000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.8.42000 ± 0.33000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.38
Radial Velocity-11.43000 ± 0.33 km/s
Iron Abundance0.0300 ± 0.04 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis7319.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)2572.0700000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)64.44
Effective Temperature4,245 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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