Universe Guide

130 Tauri - HD38558 - HIP27338

130 Tauri is a blue to white giant star that can be located in the constellation of Taurus. HIP27338 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD38558. 130 Tauri has alternative name(s), 130 Tauri , 130 Tau.

Location of 130 Tauri

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 130 Tauri, the location is 05h 47m 26.20 and +17 d 43 ` 44.9 .

Proper Motion of 130 Tauri

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -005.00 ± 000.00 towards the north and -002.00 ± 000.00 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 130 Tauri

130 Tauri has a spectral type of F0III. This means the star is a blue to white coloured giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.3 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,218 Kelvin.

130 Tauri has been calculated as 16.00 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 11,132,048.36.km.

130 Tauri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

130 Tauri has an apparent magnitude of 5.47 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.14 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.02. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 130 Tauri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.00 which gave the calculated distance to 130 Tauri as 1087.21 light years away from Earth or 333.33 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.00 which put 130 Tauri at a distance of 1630.82 light years or 500 parsecs.

It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1087.21 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

130 Tauri Facts

Traditional Name130 Tauri
Short Name130 Tau
Alternative Name(s)130 Tauri
Hipparcos Library I.D.27338
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+17 1004
Henry Draper Designation38558
Celestial TypeStar
Absolute Magnitude-2.14 / -3.02
Apparent Magnitude5.47
Right Ascension (R.A.)05h 47m 26.20
Declination (Dec.)+17 d 43 ` 44.9
1997 Distance from Earth3.00 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1087.21 Light Years
 333.33 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth2.00 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1630.82 Light Years
 500 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-5.00 ± 0.00 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-2.00 ± 0.00 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.30
Spectral TypeF0III
Colour(F) blue to white
Star Typegiant star
Radius (x the Sun)16.00
Calculated Effective Temperature7,218 Kelvin

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