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14 Aquarii

14 Aquarii Facts

  • 14 Aquarii is a pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Aquarius. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 14 Aquarii is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (M4III:) of the star, the star's colour is red .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 1655.65 light years away from us. Distance

14 Aquarii's Alternative Names

HIP105019 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD202466.

14 Aquarii has alternative name(s) :- IW Aqr, IW Aquarii, IW Aqr.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 14 Aquarii. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 14 Aqr.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 54 G. Aquarii. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD-09 5700.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 14 Aquarii

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 14 Aquarii, the location is 21h 16m 17.78 and -09° 12` 52.8 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 14 Aquarii

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 2.87 ± 0.27 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -6.56 ± 0.42 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 8.00000 km/s with an error of about 1.78 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 14 Aquarii

14 Aquarii Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of M4III: , 14 Aquarii's colour and type is red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.61 which means the star's temperature is about 3,754 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

14 Aquarii Radius

14 Aquarii estimated radius has been calculated as being 63.67 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 44,301,851.19.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 57.535420262159847063179865152. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

14 Aquarii Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

14 Aquarii has an apparent magnitude of 6.45 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.30 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.08. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 14 Aquarii

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.78000 which gave the calculated distance to 14 Aquarii as 1832.38 light years away from Earth or 561.80 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 10,771,875,561,314,183.29, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.97000 which put 14 Aquarii at a distance of 1655.65 light years or 507.61 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 104,701,348.73 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to 14 Aquarii

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking4277,576,605,450.96
Car1209,252,553,515.03
Airbus A3807361,508,568,507.89
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.2691,447,088,859.06
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54723,543,486.52
New Horizons Probe33,00033,645,649.15
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,655.65

Variable Type of 14 Aquarii

The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star w variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 14 Aquarii brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.536 to a magnitude of 6.471 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 4.9 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 14 Aquarii Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional Name14 Aquarii
Alternative NamesIW Aqr, IW Aquarii, HD 202466, HIP 105019, 54 G. Aquarii, 14 Aqr, BD-09 5700, IW Aqr
Spectral TypeM4III:
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourRed
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationAquarius
Absolute Magnitude -2.30 / -2.08
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.45
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)21h 16m 17.78
Declination (Dec.)-09° 12` 52.8
Galactic Latitude-36.30247439 degrees
Galactic Longitude41.74018925 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.78000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1832.38 Light Years
 561.80 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.97000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1655.65 Light Years
 507.61 Parsecs
 104,701,348.73 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.2.87000 ± 0.27000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-6.56000 ± 0.42000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.61
Radial Velocity8.00000 ± 1.78 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSemi-Regular Star w
Mean Variability Period in Days4.950
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.471 - 6.536

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)57.54
Effective Temperature3,754 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
202466-09 5700.0A7.60000-8.000006.00000M1Red
B7.600001923

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