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162 G. Oph, HD160471, HIP86476

162 G. Oph is a orange to red very luminous supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Ophiuchus. 162 G. Oph is the brightest star in Ophiuchus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP86476 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD160471. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 162. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

162 G. Oph has alternative name(s), NSV 09461.

Location of 162 G. Oph

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 162 G. Oph, the location is 17h 40m 11.95 and -02d 09` 08.2 .

Proper Motion of 162 G. Oph

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -9.87 ± 0.31 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -8.16 ± 0.48 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

162 G. Oph Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 15200.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 162 G. Oph

162 G. Oph has a spectral type of K2.5Ib. This means the star is a orange to red supergiant star. The star is 7261.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23682.7204078400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.6 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,775 Kelvin.

162 G. Oph Radius has been calculated as being 22.13 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 15,401,187.67.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 20.85. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

162 G. Oph Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

162 G. Oph has an apparent magnitude of 6.08 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.03 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.10. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 162 G. Oph

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 5.99 which gave the calculated distance to 162 G. Oph as 544.51 light years away from Earth or 166.94 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 544.51 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 6.36 which put 162 G. Oph at a distance of 512.84 light years or 157.23 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,261.00 Parsecs or 23,682.72 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*. 162 G. Oph brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.228 to a magnitude of 6.167 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

162 G. Oph Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name162 G. Oph
Short NameNSV 09461
Hipparcos Library I.D.86476
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-02 4425
Gould I.D.162
Henry Draper Designation160471

Visual Facts

Star Typesupergiant star
Absolute Magnitude-0.03 / 0.10
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.08
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)17h 40m 11.95
Declination (Dec.)-02d 09` 08.2
Galactic Latitude14.77 degrees
Galactic Longitude22.64 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth5.99 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 544.51 Light Years
 166.94 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth6.36 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 512.84 Light Years
 157.23 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,682.72 Light Years / 7,261.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-9.87 ± 0.31 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-8.16 ± 0.48 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.60
Radial Velocity-49.00 ± 4.30 km/s
Spectral TypeK2.5Ib
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.052
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.167 - 6.228

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)15,200.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature3,775 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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