Universe Guide
Search

174 G. Eridani

174 G. Eridani Facts

174 G. Eridani's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR1275. HIP19095 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD25945.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 174 G. Eridani. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 174 G. Eridani

The location of the subgiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 174 G. Eridani, the location is 04h 05m 37.30 and -27° 39` 07.3 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 174 G. Eridani

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 94.24 ± 0.22 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 200.49 ± 0.34 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 63.30 km/s with an error of about 0.90 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

174 G. Eridani Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 9.77 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age) of 174 G. Eridani

174 G. Eridani Colour and Temperature

174 G. Eridani has a spectral type of F0IV/V. This means the star is a yellow to white subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.32 which means the star's temperature is about 7,116 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being .

174 G. Eridani Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 2.02 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,408,939.33.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.11. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.21 with an error value of 0.15 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.60 Billion years old but could be between 1.50 and 1.70 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

174 G. Eridani Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

174 G. Eridani has an apparent magnitude of 5.59 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.41 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.32. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 174 G. Eridani

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.16 which gave the calculated distance to 174 G. Eridani as 140.83 light years away from Earth or 43.18 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is 94,442,939,862.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 22.20 which put 174 G. Eridani at a distance of 146.92 light years or 45.05 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 9,292,164.77 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,422.00 Parsecs or 24,207.84 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 174 G. Eridani

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking424,631,748,783.17
Car120821,058,292.77
Airbus A380736133,868,199.91
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269128,412,584.29
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5464,206,208.46
New Horizons Probe33,0002,985,666.52
Speed of Light670,616,629.00146.92

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional 174 G. Eridani Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional Name174 G. Eridani
Alternative NamesHD 25945, HIP 19095, HR 1275
Spectral TypeF0IV/V
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeSubgiant Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationEridanus
Age1.60 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.50 - 1.70 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 2.41 / 2.32
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.59
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 05m 37.30
Declination (Dec.)-27° 39` 07.3
Galactic Latitude-47.18 degrees
Galactic Longitude225.31 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth23.16 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 140.83 Light Years
 43.18 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth22.20 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 146.92 Light Years
 45.05 Parsecs
 9,292,164.77 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,207.84 Light Years / 7,422.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.94.24 ± 0.22 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.200.49 ± 0.34 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.32
Radial Velocity63.30 ± 0.90 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.21 ± 0.15 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.34
Semi-Major Axis5713.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)9.77

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)2.11
Effective Temperature7,116 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars


Comments and Questions

There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment.

You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself.

   
x
This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine