Universe Guide

20 Canum Venaticorum

20 Canum Venaticorum Facts

  • 20 Canum Venaticorum is a pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Canes Venatici. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 20 Canum Venaticorum is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (F3III) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 264.31 light years away from us. Distance

20 Canum Venaticorum's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR5017. HIP64844 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD115604.

20 Canum Venaticorum has alternative name(s) :- AO Canum Venaticorum, AO CVn, AO CVn.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 20 Canum Venaticorum. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 20 Cvn.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+41 2380.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 20 Canum Venaticorum

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 20 Canum Venaticorum, the location is 13h 17m 32.64 and +40° 34` 21.2 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 20 Canum Venaticorum

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 18.47 ± 0.12 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -125.28 ± 0.20 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 8.62000 km/s with an error of about 0.17 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 20 Canum Venaticorum

20 Canum Venaticorum Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of F3III , 20 Canum Venaticorum's colour and type is yellow to white giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.3 which means the star's temperature is about 7,218 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

20 Canum Venaticorum Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 70.39 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

20 Canum Venaticorum Radius

20 Canum Venaticorum estimated radius has been calculated as being 5.97 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 4,154,837.81.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 5.496267775777948933488542192. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

20 Canum Venaticorum Iron Abundance

20 Canum Venaticorum Iron Abundance is 0.54 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

20 Canum Venaticorum Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

20 Canum Venaticorum has an apparent magnitude of 4.72 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.00 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.18. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 20 Canum Venaticorum

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 11.39000 which gave the calculated distance to 20 Canum Venaticorum as 286.36 light years away from Earth or 87.80 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 1,683,403,161,864,858.56, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 12.34000 which put 20 Canum Venaticorum at a distance of 264.31 light years or 81.04 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 16,715,583.42 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,405.00 Parsecs or 24,152.40 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 20 Canum Venaticorum

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736240,829,729.91
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269231,015,043.24
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54115,507,371.08
New Horizons Probe33,0005,371,232.76
Speed of Light670,616,629.00264.31

Variable Type of 20 Canum Venaticorum

The star is a pulsating Delta Scuti variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 20 Canum Venaticorum brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.801 to a magnitude of 4.778 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 20 Canum Venaticorum Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name20 Canum Venaticorum
Alternative NamesAO Canum Venaticorum, AO CVn, HD 115604, HIP 64844, HR 5017, 20 Cvn, BD+41 2380, AO CVn
Spectral TypeF3III
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationCanes Venatici
Absolute Magnitude 0.00 / 0.18
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.72
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)13h 17m 32.64
Declination (Dec.)+40° 34` 21.2
Galactic Latitude75.51549626 degrees
Galactic Longitude102.73899118 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth11.39000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 286.36 Light Years
 87.80 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth12.34000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 264.31 Light Years
 81.04 Parsecs
 16,715,583.42 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,152.40 Light Years / 7,405.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.18.47000 ± 0.12000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-125.28000 ± 0.20000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.3
Radial Velocity8.62000 ± 0.17 km/s
Iron Abundance0.5400 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis7129.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)70.3900000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeDelta Scuti
Mean Variability Period in Days0.122
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.778 - 4.801

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)5.50
Effective Temperature7,218 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Canes Venatici Main Stars

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