20 Ursae Minoris is a orange to red subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of UrsaMinor. HIP79420 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD147142. 20 Ursae Minoris has alternative name(s), 20 Ursae Minoris , 20 UMi.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 20 Ursae Minoris, the location is 16h 12m 32.20 and +75d12`38.1 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 035.15 ± 000.25 towards the north and -043.57 ± 000.26 east if we saw them in the horizon.
20 Ursae Minoris has a spectral type of K2IV. This means the star is a orange to red subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.28 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,355 Kelvin.
20 Ursae Minoris has been calculated as 20.56 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 14,302,643.77.km.
20 Ursae Minoris has an apparent magnitude of 6.36 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.49 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.15. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 4.26 which gave the calculated distance to 20 Ursae Minoris as 765.64 light years away from Earth or 234.74 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 765.64 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 4.99 which put 20 Ursae Minoris at a distance of 653.63 light years or 200.40 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Traditional Name||20 Ursae Minoris|
|Short Name||20 UMi|
|Alternative Name(s)||20 Ursae Minoris|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||79420|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD+75 586|
|Henry Draper Designation||147142|
|Star Type||subgiant star|
|Absolute Magnitude||-0.49 / -0.15|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||16h 12m 32.20|
|1997 Distance from Earth||4.26 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|765.64 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||4.99 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|653.63 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||35.15 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-43.57 ± 0.26 milliarcseconds/year|
|Colour||(K) Orange to Red|
|Radius (x the Sun)||20.56|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||4,355 Kelvin|