Universe Guide
Search

214 G. Eridani

214 G. Eridani Facts

  • 214 G. Eridani is a main sequence star that can be located in the constellation of Eridanus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 214 G. Eridani is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (F2V) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • The star has an estimated age of 1.50 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.40 to 1.60 according to Hipparcos.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 191.64 light years away from us. Distance

214 G. Eridani's Alternative Names

HIP20347 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD27710. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 168.3A. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 214 G. Eridani. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 214 G. Eridani

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 214 G. Eridani, the location is 04h 21m 31.29 and -25° 43` 42.4 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 214 G. Eridani

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -48.82 ± 0.57 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 30.08 ± 0.65 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 21.90000 km/s with an error of about 1.50 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 214 G. Eridani

214 G. Eridani Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of F2V , 214 G. Eridani's colour and type is yellow to white main sequence star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.37 which means the star's temperature is about 6,870 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

214 G. Eridani Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 10.62 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

214 G. Eridani Radius

214 G. Eridani estimated radius has been calculated as being 2.18 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,518,625.87.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.3603045228614015138089040858. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

214 G. Eridani Iron Abundance

214 G. Eridani Iron Abundance is -0.04 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

214 G. Eridani Estimated Age

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.50 Billion years old but could be between 1.40 and 1.60 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

214 G. Eridani Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

214 G. Eridani has an apparent magnitude of 6.08 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.40 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.23. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 214 G. Eridani

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 18.40000 which gave the calculated distance to 214 G. Eridani as 177.26 light years away from Earth or 54.35 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 1,042,045,133,650,526.71, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 17.02000 which put 214 G. Eridani at a distance of 191.64 light years or 58.75 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 12,117,972.93 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,431.00 Parsecs or 24,237.20 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 214 G. Eridani

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking432,129,242,695.39
Car1201,070,974,756.51
Airbus A380736174,615,449.43
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269167,499,235.32
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5483,749,508.51
New Horizons Probe33,0003,894,453.66
Speed of Light670,616,629.00191.64

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional 214 G. Eridani Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional Name214 G. Eridani
Alternative NamesHD 27710, HIP 20347
Spectral TypeF2V
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type Main Sequence Dwarf Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationEridanus
Age1.50 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.40 - 1.60 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 2.40 / 2.23
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.08
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 21m 31.29
Declination (Dec.)-25° 43` 42.4
Galactic Latitude-43.29789639 degrees
Galactic Longitude223.73407585 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth18.40000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 177.26 Light Years
 54.35 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth17.02000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 191.64 Light Years
 58.75 Parsecs
 12,117,972.93 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,237.20 Light Years / 7,431.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-48.82000 ± 0.57000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.30.08000 ± 0.65000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.37
Radial Velocity21.90000 ± 1.50 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.0400 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.12990
Semi-Major Axis6587.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)10.6200000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)2.36
Effective Temperature6,870 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
27710-26 1642.2A6.5000046.00000-54.00000F0Yellow/White
B6.700001891
C12.0000042.00000-58.000001951
-26 1643.2D8.6000034.00000-61.000001891

Related Stars


Comments and Questions

There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment.

You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself.

   
x
This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine