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23 Geminorum

23 Geminorum Facts

  • 23 Geminorum is a star that can be located in the constellation of Gemini. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 23 Geminorum is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (F5) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • The star has an estimated age of 1.80 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.70 to 1.90 according to Hipparcos.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 256.42 light years away from us. Distance

23 Geminorum's Alternative Names

HIP31525 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD46781.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 23 Geminorum. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 23 Gem.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+16 1210.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 23 Geminorum

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 23 Geminorum, the location is 06h 36m 02.12 and +16° 47` 49.5 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 23 Geminorum

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -29.70 ± 0.33 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 16.20 ± 0.47 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 30.90000 km/s with an error of about 0.70 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 23 Geminorum

23 Geminorum Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of F5 , 23 Geminorum's colour and type is yellow to white star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.44 which means the star's temperature is about 6,276 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

23 Geminorum Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 10.62 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

23 Geminorum Radius

23 Geminorum estimated radius has been calculated as being 2.80 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,949,844.02.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.8023052893464601959591268297. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

23 Geminorum Iron Abundance

23 Geminorum Iron Abundance is -0.03 with an error value of 0.08 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

23 Geminorum Estimated Age

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.80 Billion years old but could be between 1.70 and 1.90 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

23 Geminorum Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

23 Geminorum has an apparent magnitude of 6.73 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.25 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.25. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 23 Geminorum

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 12.69000 which gave the calculated distance to 23 Geminorum as 257.02 light years away from Earth or 78.80 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 1,510,924,293,415,651.44, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 12.72000 which put 23 Geminorum at a distance of 256.42 light years or 78.62 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 16,216,426.07 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,475.00 Parsecs or 24,380.71 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 23 Geminorum

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking442,989,879,002.05
Car1201,432,995,966.73
Airbus A380736233,640,646.75
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269224,118,941.35
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54112,059,324.62
New Horizons Probe33,0005,210,894.42
Speed of Light670,616,629.00256.42

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 23 Geminorum Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional Name23 Geminorum
Alternative NamesHD 46781, HIP 31525, 23 Gem, BD+16 1210
Spectral TypeF5
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeStar
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationGemini
Age1.80 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.70 - 1.90 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 2.25 / 2.25
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.73
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)06h 36m 02.12
Declination (Dec.)+16° 47` 49.5
Galactic Latitude4.27558129 degrees
Galactic Longitude196.23513547 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth12.69000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 257.02 Light Years
 78.80 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth12.72000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 256.42 Light Years
 78.62 Parsecs
 16,216,426.07 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,380.71 Light Years / 7,475.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-29.70000 ± 0.33000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.16.20000 ± 0.47000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.44
Radial Velocity30.90000 ± 0.70 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.0300 ± 0.08 Fe/H
Eccentricity0.07030
Semi-Major Axis7155.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)10.6200000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)2.80
Effective Temperature6,276 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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