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243 G. Cen, HD118666, HIP66681

243 G. Cen is a blue to white subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Centaurus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it. The star has an estimated age of 1.30 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.20 to 1.40 according to Hipparcos.

HIP66681 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD118666. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 243. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of 243 G. Cen

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 243 G. Cen, the location is 13h 40m 10.80 and -64d34`35.6 .

Proper Motion of 243 G. Cen

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 0.60 ± 0.28 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -69.79 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age, Radius) of 243 G. Cen

243 G. Cen has a spectral type of F3III-IV. This means the star is a blue to white subgiant star. The star is 7357.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23995.8372180800000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.4 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 6,728 Kelvin.

243 G. Cen Radius has been calculated as being 3.30 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,299,324.44.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.32. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.12 with an error value of 0.15 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.30 Billion years old but could be between 1.20 and 1.40 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

243 G. Cen Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

243 G. Cen has an apparent magnitude of 5.79 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.59 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.58. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 243 G. Cen

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 14.44 which gave the calculated distance to 243 G. Cen as 225.87 light years away from Earth or 69.25 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 225.87 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 14.40 which put 243 G. Cen at a distance of 226.50 light years or 69.44 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,357.00 Parsecs or 23,995.84 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

243 G. Cen Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name243 G. Cen
Hipparcos Library I.D.66681
Gould I.D.243
Henry Draper Designation118666

Visual Facts

Star Typesubgiant star
Age1.30 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.20 - 1.40 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude1.59 / 1.58
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.79
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)13h 40m 10.80
Declination (Dec.)-64d34`35.6
Galactic Latitude-2.20 degrees
Galactic Longitude308.13 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth14.44 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 225.87 Light Years
 69.25 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth14.40 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 226.50 Light Years
 69.44 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,995.84 Light Years / 7,357.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.0.60 ± 0.28 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-69.79 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.40
Radial Velocity3.70 ± 2.10 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.12 ± 0.15 Fe/H
Spectral TypeF3III-IV
Colour(F) blue to white

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature6,728 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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