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295 G. Puppis, HD70556, HIP40943

295 G. Puppis is a blue subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Puppis. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

295 G. Puppis's Alternative Names

HIP40943 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD70556.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 295 G. Puppis. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names.

Location of 295 G. Puppis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 295 G. Puppis, the location is 08h 21m 21.05 and -36° 29` 03.1 .

Proper Motion of 295 G. Puppis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 7.29 ± 0.19 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -6.88 ± 0.25 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 16.00000 km/s with an error of about 4.20 km/s .

295 G. Puppis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 6096.0200000 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of 295 G. Puppis

295 G. Puppis has a spectral type of B2IV-V+.... This means the star is a blue subgiant star. The star is 7538.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24586.1928707200000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.18 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 15,433 Kelvin.

295 G. Puppis Radius has been calculated as being 6.00 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 4,173,684.47.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 5.50. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

295 G. Puppis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

295 G. Puppis has an apparent magnitude of 5.18 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.31 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.12. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 295 G. Puppis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.00 which gave the calculated distance to 295 G. Puppis as 1630.82 light years away from Earth or 500 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1630.82 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.19 which put 295 G. Puppis at a distance of 1489.33 light years or 456.62 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,538.00 Parsecs or 24,586.19 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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295 G. Puppis Facts

Visual Facts

Alternative NamesHD 70556, HIP 40943
Star TypeSubgiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude-3.31 / -3.12
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.18
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)08h 21m 21.05
Declination (Dec.)-36° 29` 03.1
Galactic Latitude0.14 degrees
Galactic Longitude254.95 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.00 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1630.82 Light Years
 500 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth2.19 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1489.33 Light Years
 456.62 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,586.19 Light Years / 7,538.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.7.29 ± 0.19 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-6.88 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.18
Radial Velocity16.00 ± 4.20 km/s
Semi-Major Axis7992.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)6,096.02
Spectral TypeB2IV-V+...
Colour(B) blue

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature15,433 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
70556-36 4513.2A5.20000-7.00000-4.00000B3Blue/White

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