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2 Herculis, HD142780, HIP77907, HR5932

2 Herculis is a red eruptive giant star that can be located in the constellation of Hercules. 2 Herculis is the brightest star in Hercules based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR5932. HIP77907 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD142780.

2 Herculis has alternative name(s), NSV 07335.

Location of 2 Herculis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 2 Herculis, the location is 15h 54m 37.88 and +43d 08` 18.3 .

Proper Motion of 2 Herculis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 65.76 ± 0.19 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -33.01 ± 0.22 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

2 Herculis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 10.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 2 Herculis

2 Herculis has a spectral type of M3III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star is 7356.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23992.5755846400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.64 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,671 Kelvin.

2 Herculis Radius has been calculated as being 37.79 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 26,292,359.75.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 39.39. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

2 Herculis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

2 Herculis has an apparent magnitude of 5.35 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.07 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.16. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 2 Herculis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 5.21 which gave the calculated distance to 2 Herculis as 626.03 light years away from Earth or 191.94 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 626.03 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 4.99 which put 2 Herculis at a distance of 653.63 light years or 200.40 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,356.00 Parsecs or 23,992.58 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of 2 Herculis

The star is a eruptive Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 2 Herculis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.452 to a magnitude of 5.377 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

2 Herculis Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name2 Herculis
Flamsteed Name2 Herculis
Flamsteed Short Name2 Her
Short NameNSV 07335
Hipparcos Library I.D.77907
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id5932
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+43 2542
Henry Draper Designation142780

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.07 / -1.16
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.35
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)15h 54m 37.88
Declination (Dec.)+43d 08` 18.3
Galactic Latitude49.87 degrees
Galactic Longitude68.68 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth5.21 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 626.03 Light Years
 191.94 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth4.99 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 653.63 Light Years
 200.40 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,992.58 Light Years / 7,356.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.65.76 ± 0.19 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-33.01 ± 0.22 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.64
Radial Velocity-13.60 ± 0.32 km/s
Spectral TypeM3III
Colour(M) Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEruptive
Variable Star TypeIrregular
Mean Variability Period in Days0.056
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)5.377 - 5.452

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)10.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature3,671 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

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