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40 Ceti, HD7727, HIP5985

40 Ceti is a blue to white star that can be located in the constellation of Cetus. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it. The star has an estimated age of 5.00 Billion of Years but could be as young as 3.40 to 6.30 according to Hipparcos.

HIP5985 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD7727. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 122. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

Location of 40 Ceti

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 40 Ceti, the location is 01h 16m 58.86 and -02d 16` 43.7 .

Proper Motion of 40 Ceti

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -140.21 ± 0.29 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 259.35 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is 5.95000 km/s with an error of about 0.09 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age, Radius) of 40 Ceti

40 Ceti has a spectral type of F8. This means the star is a blue to white star. The star is 7410.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24168.7037904000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.5 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 6,114 Kelvin.

40 Ceti Radius has been calculated as being 1.23 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 852,503.40.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.24. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.07 with an error value of 0.02 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 5.00 Billion years old but could be between 3.40 and 6.30 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

40 Ceti Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

40 Ceti has an apparent magnitude of 6.52 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.16 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.14. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 40 Ceti

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 33.68 which gave the calculated distance to 40 Ceti as 96.84 light years away from Earth or 29.69 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 96.84 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 33.47 which put 40 Ceti at a distance of 97.45 light years or 29.88 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,410.00 Parsecs or 24,168.70 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

40 Ceti Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name40 Ceti
Flamsteed Name40 Ceti
Flamsteed Short Name40 Cet
Hipparcos Library I.D.5985
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-03 174
Gould I.D.122
Henry Draper Designation7727

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Age5.00 Billion Years Old
Age Range3.40 - 6.30 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude4.16 / 4.14
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.52
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 16m 58.86
Declination (Dec.)-02d 16` 43.7
Galactic Latitude-64.41 degrees
Galactic Longitude137.84 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth33.68 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 96.84 Light Years
 29.69 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth33.47 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 97.45 Light Years
 29.88 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,168.70 Light Years / 7,410.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-140.21 ± 0.29 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.259.35 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.50
Radial Velocity5.95 ± 0.09 km/s
Iron Abundance0.07 ± 0.02 Fe/H
Spectral TypeF8
Colour(F) blue to white

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature6,114 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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