Universe Guide


49 Cygni, HD197177, HIP102066

49 Cygni is a white to yellow luminous giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cygnus. 49 Cygni is the brightest star in Cygnus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP102066 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD197177.

Location of 49 Cygni

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 49 Cygni, the location is 20h 41m 02.54 and +32d18`26.3 .

Proper Motion of 49 Cygni

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -11.13 ± 0.29 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 2.74 ± 0.41 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 49 Cygni

49 Cygni has a spectral type of G8IIb. This means the star is a white to yellow luminous giant star. The star is 7338.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23933.8661827200000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.87 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,262 Kelvin.

49 Cygni Radius has been calculated as being 21.71 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 15,104,285.35.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 21.51. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.64 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

49 Cygni Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

49 Cygni has an apparent magnitude of 5.53 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.43 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.41. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 49 Cygni

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 4.05 which gave the calculated distance to 49 Cygni as 805.34 light years away from Earth or 246.91 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 805.34 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 4.09 which put 49 Cygni at a distance of 797.47 light years or 244.50 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,338.00 Parsecs or 23,933.87 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

49 Cygni Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name49 Cygni
Flamsteed Name49 Cygni
Flamsteed Short Name49 Cyg
Hipparcos Library I.D.102066
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+31 4181
Henry Draper Designation197177

Visual Facts

Star Typeluminous giant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.43 / -1.41
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.53
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 41m 02.54
Declination (Dec.)+32d18`26.3
Galactic Latitude-5.88 degrees
Galactic Longitude73.96 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth4.05 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 805.34 Light Years
 246.91 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth4.09 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 797.47 Light Years
 244.50 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,933.87 Light Years / 7,338.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-11.13 ± 0.29 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.2.74 ± 0.41 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.87
Radial Velocity-25.90 ± 0.40 km/s
Iron Abundance0.64 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeG8IIb
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,262 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
197177+31 4181.0A5.900008.00000-7.00000K0Orange

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