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49 Persei, HD25975, HIP19302, HR1277

49 Persei is a orange to red giant star that can be located in the constellation of Perseus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR1277. HIP19302 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD25975.

Location of 49 Persei

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 49 Persei, the location is 04h 08m 15.46 and +37d 43` 40.7 .

Proper Motion of 49 Persei

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -196.30 ± 0.16 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -100.02 ± 0.34 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

49 Persei Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 82.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 49 Persei

49 Persei has a spectral type of K1III. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star is 7441.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24269.8144270400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.94 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 4,968 Kelvin.

49 Persei Radius has been calculated as being 3.39 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,360,460.17.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 3.39. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.02 with an error value of 0.04 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

49 Persei Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

49 Persei has an apparent magnitude of 6.07 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.85 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.85. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 49 Persei

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 22.66 which gave the calculated distance to 49 Persei as 143.94 light years away from Earth or 44.13 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 143.94 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 22.68 which put 49 Persei at a distance of 143.81 light years or 44.09 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,441.00 Parsecs or 24,269.81 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

49 Persei Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name49 Persei
Flamsteed Name49 Persei
Flamsteed Short Name49 Per
Hipparcos Library I.D.19302
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id1277
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+37 881
Henry Draper Designation25975

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude2.85 / 2.85
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.07
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 08m 15.46
Declination (Dec.)+37d 43` 40.7
Galactic Latitude-10.42 degrees
Galactic Longitude160.44 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth22.66 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 143.94 Light Years
 44.13 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth22.68 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 143.81 Light Years
 44.09 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,269.81 Light Years / 7,441.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-196.30 ± 0.16 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-100.02 ± 0.34 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.94
Radial Velocity-44.35 ± 0.20 km/s
Iron Abundance0.02 ± 0.04 Fe/H
Spectral TypeK1III
Colour(K) Orange to Red

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)82.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature4,968 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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