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4 Lacertae, HD212593, HIP110609, HR8541

4 Lacertae is a blue star that can be located in the constellation of Lacerta. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8541. HIP110609 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD212593.

Location of 4 Lacertae

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 4 Lacertae, the location is 22h 24m 31.00 and +49d 28` 35.0 .

Proper Motion of 4 Lacertae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -2.85 ± 0.24 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -5.55 ± 0.35 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -26.00000 km/s with an error of about 1.70 km/s .

4 Lacertae Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 61000.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 4 Lacertae

4 Lacertae has a spectral type of B9Iab. This means the star is a blue star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.09 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,573 Kelvin.

4 Lacertae Radius has been calculated as being 33.78 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 23,505,335.79.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 35.87. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

4 Lacertae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

4 Lacertae has an apparent magnitude of 4.55 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.51 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.64. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 4 Lacertae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.54 which gave the calculated distance to 4 Lacertae as 2117.94 light years away from Earth or 649.35 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 2117.94 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.45 which put 4 Lacertae at a distance of 2249.40 light years or 689.66 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

4 Lacertae Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name4 Lacertae
Flamsteed Name4 Lacertae
Flamsteed Short Name4 Lac
Hipparcos Library I.D.110609
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id8541
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+48 3715
Henry Draper Designation212593

Visual Facts

Star Type star
Absolute Magnitude-4.51 / -4.64
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.55
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)22h 24m 31.00
Declination (Dec.)+49d 28` 35.0
Galactic Latitude-6.71 degrees
Galactic Longitude99.90 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.54 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2117.94 Light Years
 649.35 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth1.45 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2249.40 Light Years
 689.66 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-2.85 ± 0.24 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-5.55 ± 0.35 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.09
Radial Velocity-26.00 ± 1.70 km/s
Spectral TypeB9Iab
Colour(B) blue

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)61,000.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature8,573 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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