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53 Cancri

53 Cancri Facts

53 Cancri's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR3521. HIP43575 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD75716.

53 Cancri has alternative name(s) :- , BO Cnc.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 53 Cancri with it shortened to 53 Cnc.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+28 1659.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 53 Cancri

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 53 Cancri, the location is 08h 52m 28.60 and +28° 15` 33.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 53 Cancri

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -7.41 ± 0.59 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -16.86 ± 0.75 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 13.82 km/s with an error of about 0.29 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of 53 Cancri

53 Cancri Colour and Temperature

53 Cancri has a spectral type of M3III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.55 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,892 Kelvin.

53 Cancri Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 31.37 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 21,829,872.50.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

53 Cancri Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

53 Cancri has an apparent magnitude of 6.25 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.92 Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 53 Cancri

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.68 which gave the calculated distance to 53 Cancri as 886.31 light years away from Earth or 271.74 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 886.31 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

Variable Type of 53 Cancri

The star is a pulsating Slow Irregular proba variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 53 Cancri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.321 to a magnitude of 6.224 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 53 Cancri Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name53 Cancri
Alternative NamesHD 75716, HIP 43575, HR 3521, 53 Cnc, BD+28 1659, BO Cnc
Spectral TypeM3III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -0.92
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.25
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)08h 52m 28.60
Declination (Dec.)+28° 15` 33.0
Galactic Latitude37.66 degrees
Galactic Longitude196.87 degrees
Distance from Earth3.68 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 886.31 Light Years
 271.74 Parsecs
  56,050,007.89 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-7.41 ± 0.59 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-16.86 ± 0.75 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.55
Radial Velocity13.82 ± 0.29 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSlow Irregular proba
Mean Variability Period in Days0.074
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.224 - 6.321

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)31.37
Effective Temperature3,892 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
75716+28 1659.0A6.40000-7.00000-13.00000M0Red

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