Universe Guide


54 Virginis, HD114846, HIP64520

54 Virginis is a blue eclipsing main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Virgo. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP64520 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD114846. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 118. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

54 Virginis has alternative name(s), LM Vir.

Location of 54 Virginis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 54 Virginis, the location is 13h 13m 26.85 and -18d49`35.0 .

Proper Motion of 54 Virginis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -9.81 ± 0.45 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -20.99 ± 0.84 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

54 Virginis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 24.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 54 Virginis

54 Virginis has a spectral type of A0V. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7314.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 23855.5869801600000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.08 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 8,626 Kelvin.

54 Virginis Radius has been calculated as being 9.27 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 6,453,360.21.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.54. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

54 Virginis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

54 Virginis has an apparent magnitude of 6.26 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.73 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.18. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 54 Virginis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.52 which gave the calculated distance to 54 Virginis as 1294.30 light years away from Earth or 396.83 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1294.30 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 5.15 which put 54 Virginis at a distance of 633.33 light years or 194.17 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,314.00 Parsecs or 23,855.59 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of 54 Virginis

The star is a eclipsing W Ursae Majoris variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. This is a some uncertainty as to the type but the type mentioned is the current variable star classification for this star. 54 Virginis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.331 to a magnitude of 6.294 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 1.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

54 Virginis Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name54 Virginis
Flamsteed Name54 Virginis
Flamsteed Short Name54 Vir
Short NameLM Vir
Hipparcos Library I.D.64520
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-18 3562
Gould I.D.118
Henry Draper Designation114846

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude-1.73 / -0.18
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.26
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)13h 13m 26.85
Declination (Dec.)-18d49`35.0
Galactic Latitude43.74 degrees
Galactic Longitude310.15 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.52 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1294.30 Light Years
 396.83 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth5.15 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 633.33 Light Years
 194.17 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance23,855.59 Light Years / 7,314.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-9.81 ± 0.45 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-20.99 ± 0.84 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.08
Radial Velocity-28.00 ± 4.70 km/s
Spectral TypeA0V
Colour(A) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing
Variable Star TypeW Ursae Majoris probably
Mean Variability Period in Days0.988
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.294 - 6.331

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)24.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature8,626 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
114846-18 3562.0A6.80000-22.00000-21.00000A0White

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