Copernicus is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Cancer. It is calculated at being 10.000 Billion Years old. This information comes from ExoPlanet. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR3522. HIP43587 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD75732. Copernicus has alternative name(s), 55 Cancri , 55 Cnc. Copernicus has at least 5 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Copernicus, the location is 08h 52m 36.13 and +28d19`53.0 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -234.05 ± 000.40 towards the north and -485.80 ± 000.75 east if we saw them in the horizon.
Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 1.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.
Copernicus has a spectral type of G8V. This means the star is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.86 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,141 Kelvin.
Copernicus has been calculated as 0.95 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 659,536.63.km. The star's solar mass is 1.00 times that of the Sun's. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.
The star's metallicity is 0.310000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.
The star is believed to be about 10.00 Billion years old. To put in context, the Sun is believed to be about five billion years old and the Universe is about 13.8 billion years old.
Copernicus has an apparent magnitude of 5.96 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 5.47 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 5.50. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 79.80 which gave the calculated distance to Copernicus as 40.87 light years away from Earth or 12.53 parsecs. In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 81.03 which put Copernicus at a distance of 40.25 light years or 12.34 parsecs.
It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 40.87 years using the 1997 distance to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Short Name||55 Cnc|
|Alternative Name(s)||55 Cancri|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||43587|
|Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id||3522|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD+28 1660|
|Henry Draper Designation||75732|
|Star Type||main sequence dwarf star|
|Age||10.000 Billions of Years|
|Absolute Magnitude||5.47 / 5.50|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||08h 52m 36.13|
|1997 Distance from Earth||79.80 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|40.87 Light Years|
|2007 Distance from Earth||81.03 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|40.25 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-234.05 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||-485.80 ± 0.75 milliarcseconds/year|
|Colour||(G) White to Yellow|
|Radius (x the Sun)||0.95|
|Luminosity (x the Sun)||1.0000000|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||5,141 Kelvin|
|Mass Compared to the Sun||1.00|
The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.
|Proper Motion mas/yr|
|H.D. Id||B.D. Id||Star Code||Magnitude||R.A.||Dec.||Spectrum||Colour||Year|
|Name||Status||Mass (Jupiters)||Orbital Period (Days)||Eccentricity||Discovered||Semi-Major Axis||Periastron||Inclination|
|55 Cnc B||Confirmed||0.8||14.651||0.0159||1996||0.1134||164.000|
|55 Cnc C||Confirmed||0.169||44.345||0.053||2002||0.2403||57.000|
|55 Cnc D||Confirmed||4.802||5218.000||0.025||2002||5.76||181.000||53.000|
|55 Cnc E||Confirmed||0.02626||0.737||0.06||2004||0.0156||170.000||85.000|
|55 Cnc F||Confirmed||0.144||260.700||0.0002||2007||0.781||205.000|
This is a N.A.S.A. impression of what the solar system might look like. If the star is not on display, its because its so small compared to the orbits of the outer planets. The green area denotes the habital zone which if the planet is within that area, life could exist. The habital zone might not appear on the picture because its outside the area for the picture. Our planets show the orbit of the planet if its was in our solar system. For more information about the planet and other exoplanetary stuff, visit N.A.S.A.