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55 Persei, HD27777, HIP20579

55 Persei is a blue main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Perseus. 55 Persei is the brightest star in Perseus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP20579 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD27777.

Location of 55 Persei

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 55 Persei, the location is 04h 24m 29.14 and +34d07`51.0 .

Proper Motion of 55 Persei

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -34.02 ± 0.19 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 20.95 ± 0.38 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

55 Persei Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 73.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 55 Persei

55 Persei has a spectral type of B8V. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7530.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24560.0998032000000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.05 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 10,395 Kelvin.

55 Persei Radius has been calculated as being 3.85 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,677,595.86.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.83. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

55 Persei Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

55 Persei has an apparent magnitude of 5.73 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.63 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.04. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 55 Persei

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 5.34 which gave the calculated distance to 55 Persei as 610.79 light years away from Earth or 187.27 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 610.79 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 7.28 which put 55 Persei at a distance of 448.03 light years or 137.36 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,530.00 Parsecs or 24,560.10 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

55 Persei Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name55 Persei
Flamsteed Name55 Persei
Flamsteed Short Name55 Per
Hipparcos Library I.D.20579
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+33 853
Henry Draper Designation27777

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude-0.63 / 0.04
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.73
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 24m 29.14
Declination (Dec.)+34d07`51.0
Galactic Latitude-10.65 degrees
Galactic Longitude165.38 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth5.34 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 610.79 Light Years
 187.27 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth7.28 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 448.03 Light Years
 137.36 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,560.10 Light Years / 7,530.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-34.02 ± 0.19 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.20.95 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.05
Radial Velocity8.50 ± 3.50 km/s
Spectral TypeB8V
Colour(B) blue

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)73.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature10,395 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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