Universe Guide


56 Eridani, HD30076, HIP22024

56 Eridani is a blue eruptive main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Eridanus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

HIP22024 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD30076. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 263. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.

56 Eridani has alternative name(s), DX Eri.

Location of 56 Eridani

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 56 Eridani, the location is 04h 44m 05.32 and -08d30`12.9 .

Proper Motion of 56 Eridani

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 2.72 ± 0.47 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 4.92 ± 0.67 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

56 Eridani Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 3190.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 56 Eridani

56 Eridani has a spectral type of B2Ve. This means the star is a blue main sequence dwarf star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.07 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 10,845 Kelvin.

56 Eridani Radius has been calculated as being 7.59 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 5,283,858.75.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 27.57. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

56 Eridani Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

56 Eridani has an apparent magnitude of 5.78 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.29 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -5.09. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 56 Eridani

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.43 which gave the calculated distance to 56 Eridani as 1342.24 light years away from Earth or 411.52 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1342.24 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.67 which put 56 Eridani at a distance of 4868.11 light years or 1492.54 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of 56 Eridani

The star is a eruptive Gamma Cassiopeiae variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 56 Eridani brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.823 to a magnitude of 5.718 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

56 Eridani Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name56 Eridani
Flamsteed Name56 Eridani
Flamsteed Short Name56 Eri
Short NameDX Eri
Hipparcos Library I.D.22024
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-08 929
Gould I.D.263
Henry Draper Designation30076

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Absolute Magnitude-2.29 / -5.09
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.78
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 44m 05.32
Declination (Dec.)-08d30`12.9
Galactic Latitude-32.12 degrees
Galactic Longitude205.72 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.43 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1342.24 Light Years
 411.52 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth0.67 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 4868.11 Light Years
 1492.54 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.2.72 ± 0.47 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.4.92 ± 0.67 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.07
Radial Velocity15.10 ± 2.90 km/s
Spectral TypeB2Ve
Colour(B) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEruptive
Variable Star TypeGamma Cassiopeiae
Mean Variability Period in Days0.096
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)5.718 - 5.823

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)3,190.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature10,845 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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