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58 Ceti B (Companion Star) Facts

58 Ceti B Facts

  • 58 Ceti B is a multiple star system that can be located in the constellation of Cetus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 58 Ceti B is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (A0) of the star, the star's colour is blue - white .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 1022.46 light years away from us. Distance

58 Ceti B's Alternative Names

HIP9155 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD12021.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 58 Ceti B. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 58 Cet B.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD-02 329.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 58 Ceti B

The location of the multiple star system in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 58 Ceti B, the location is 01h 57m 56.14 and -02° 05` 57.7 .

Proper Motion of 58 Ceti B

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 1.07 ± 0.63 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -1.87 ± 1.01 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 58 Ceti B

58 Ceti B Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of A0 , 58 Ceti B's colour and type is blue - white multiple star system. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.08 which means the star's temperature is about 12,939 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

58 Ceti B Radius

58 Ceti B estimated radius has been calculated as being 1.45 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,008,279.88.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 0.9707069461766600993799605047. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

58 Ceti B Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

58 Ceti B has an apparent magnitude of 8.89 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.54 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 1.41. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 58 Ceti B

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.14000 which gave the calculated distance to 58 Ceti B as 1524.13 light years away from Earth or 467.29 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 8,959,789,290,030,335.51, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 3.19000 which put 58 Ceti B at a distance of 1022.46 light years or 313.48 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 64,659,440.91 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to 58 Ceti B

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736931,628,639.25
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269893,661,386.67
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54446,830,110.97
New Horizons Probe33,00020,778,141.77
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,022.46

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 58 Ceti B Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name58 Ceti B
Alternative NamesHD 12021, HIP 9155, 58 Cet B, BD-02 329
Spectral TypeA0
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeMultiple Star System
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 0.54 / 1.41
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.89
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 57m 56.14
Declination (Dec.)-02° 05` 57.7
Galactic Latitude-60.33322330 degrees
Galactic Longitude158.21652835 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.14000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1524.13 Light Years
 467.29 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth3.19000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1022.46 Light Years
 313.48 Parsecs
 64,659,440.91 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.1.07000 ± 0.63000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-1.87000 ± 1.01000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.08
Associated / Clustered Stars58 Ceti

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)0.97
Effective Temperature12,939 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

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