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5 G. Leonis, HD84542, HIP47943

5 G. Leonis is a red giant star that can be located in the constellation of Leo. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

5 G. Leonis's Alternative Names

HIP47943 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD84542.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 5 G. Leonis. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+07 2181.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names.

Location of 5 G. Leonis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 5 G. Leonis, the location is 09h 46m 10.04 and +06° 42` 31.0 .

Proper Motion of 5 G. Leonis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -23.54 ± 0.22 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 5.67 ± 0.45 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -1.18000 km/s with an error of about 0.20 km/s .

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of 5 G. Leonis

5 G. Leonis has a spectral type of M1III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.63 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,700 Kelvin.

5 G. Leonis Radius has been calculated as being 50.18 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 34,914,133.51.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 94.74. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

5 G. Leonis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

5 G. Leonis has an apparent magnitude of 5.80 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.72 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.10. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 5 G. Leonis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.13 which gave the calculated distance to 5 G. Leonis as 1042.06 light years away from Earth or 319.49 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1042.06 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.66 which put 5 G. Leonis at a distance of 1964.84 light years or 602.41 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated. 5 G. Leonis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.921 to a magnitude of 5.873 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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5 G. Leonis Facts

Visual Facts

Alternative NamesHD 84542, HIP 47943, BD+07 2181
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude-1.72 / -3.10
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.80
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)09h 46m 10.04
Declination (Dec.)+06° 42` 31.0
Galactic Latitude41.59 degrees
Galactic Longitude229.14 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.13 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1042.06 Light Years
 319.49 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth1.66 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1964.84 Light Years
 602.41 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-23.54 ± 0.22 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.5.67 ± 0.45 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.63
Radial Velocity-1.18 ± 0.20 km/s
Spectral TypeM1III
Colour(M) Red

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.045
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)5.873 - 5.921

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature3,700 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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