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63 Cygni

63 Cygni Facts

63 Cygni's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8089. HIP104194 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD201251.

63 Cygni has alternative name(s) :- , NSV 13548.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 63 Cygni. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 63 Cyg.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+47 3292.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 63 Cygni

The location of the luminous giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 63 Cygni, the location is 21h 06m 36.09 and +47° 38` 54.3 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 63 Cygni

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.41 ± 0.18 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 6.53 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -26.32 km/s with an error of about 0.21 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

63 Cygni Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 4,396.65 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of 63 Cygni

63 Cygni Colour and Temperature

63 Cygni has a spectral type of K4II. This means the star is a orange to red luminous giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.56 which means the star's temperature is about 3,878 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being .

63 Cygni Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 76.16 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 52,990,742.44.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 80.12. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

63 Cygni Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

63 Cygni has an apparent magnitude of 4.56 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.83 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.94. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 63 Cygni

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.32 which gave the calculated distance to 63 Cygni as 982.42 light years away from Earth or 301.20 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is 658,827,188,662.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 3.16 which put 63 Cygni at a distance of 1032.16 light years or 316.46 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 65,274,105.75 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,401.00 Parsecs or 24,139.35 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 63 Cygni

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736940,466,929.06
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269902,139,484.05
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54451,069,154.14
New Horizons Probe33,00020,975,262.42
Speed of Light670,616,629.001,032.16
63 Cygni brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.692 to a magnitude of 4.659 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 63 Cygni Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name63 Cygni
Alternative NamesF02 Cyg, HD 201251, HIP 104194, HR 8089, 63 Cyg, BD+47 3292, NSV 13548
Spectral TypeK4II
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeLuminous Giant Star
ColourOrange to Red
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -2.83 / -2.94
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.56
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)21h 06m 36.09
Declination (Dec.)+47° 38` 54.3
Galactic Latitude0.20 degrees
Galactic Longitude88.88 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth3.32 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 982.42 Light Years
 301.20 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth3.16 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1032.16 Light Years
 316.46 Parsecs
 65,274,105.75 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,139.35 Light Years / 7,401.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-1.41 ± 0.18 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.6.53 ± 0.23 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.56
Radial Velocity-26.32 ± 0.21 km/s
Semi-Major Axis6659.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)4,396.65

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.021
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.659 - 4.692

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)80.12
Effective Temperature3,878 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
201251+47 3292.0A4.900008.000004.00000K5Orange

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