Universe Guide
Search

6 Cassiopeiae

6 Cassiopeiae Facts

  • 6 Cassiopeiae is a pulsating supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 6 Cassiopeiae is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (A3Ia comp) of the star, the star's colour is blue - white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 6154.03 light years away from us. Distance

6 Cassiopeiae's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR9018. HIP117447 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD223385.

6 Cassiopeiae has alternative name(s) :- , V566 Cas.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 6 Cassiopeiae. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 6 Cas.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+61 2533.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 6 Cassiopeiae

The location of the supergiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 6 Cassiopeiae, the location is 23h 48m 50.17 and +62° 12` 52.3 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 6 Cassiopeiae

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -1.57 ± 0.28 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -3.57 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -42.30 km/s with an error of about 0.60 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 6 Cassiopeiae

6 Cassiopeiae Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of A3Ia comp , 6 Cassiopeiae's colour and type is blue - white supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.67 which means the star's temperature is about 5,716 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

6 Cassiopeiae Radius

6 Cassiopeiae estimated radius has been calculated as being 389.76 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 271,195,525.21.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 147.50. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

6 Cassiopeiae Iron Abundance

6 Cassiopeiae Iron Abundance is 0.46 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

6 Cassiopeiae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

6 Cassiopeiae has an apparent magnitude of 5.43 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -8.06 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -5.95. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 6 Cassiopeiae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.20 which gave the calculated distance to 6 Cassiopeiae as 16308.17 light years away from Earth or 5000 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 95,869,621,952,191,753.09, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.53 which put 6 Cassiopeiae at a distance of 6154.03 light years or 1886.79 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 389,175,661.97 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to 6 Cassiopeiae

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Walking41,031,748,713,341.22
Car12034,391,623,778.04
Airbus A3807365,607,329,963.81
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.2695,378,810,890.79
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.542,689,401,940.23
New Horizons Probe33,000125,060,450.10
Speed of Light670,616,629.006,154.03

Variable Type of 6 Cassiopeiae

The star is a pulsating Alpha Cygnus variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 6 Cassiopeiae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.640 to a magnitude of 5.550 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional 6 Cassiopeiae Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional Name6 Cassiopeiae
Alternative NamesHD 223385, HIP 117447, HR 9018, 6 Cas, BD+61 2533, V566 Cas
Spectral TypeA3Ia comp
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type very luminous Supergiant Star
ColourBlue
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationCassiopeia
Absolute Magnitude -8.06 / -5.95
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.43
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)23h 48m 50.17
Declination (Dec.)+62° 12` 52.3
Galactic Latitude0.22 degrees
Galactic Longitude115.71 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.20 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 16308.17 Light Years
 5000 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth0.53 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 6154.03 Light Years
 1886.79 Parsecs
 389,175,661.97 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-1.57 ± 0.28 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-3.57 ± 0.37 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.67
Radial Velocity-42.30 ± 0.60 km/s
Iron Abundance0.46 ± 9.99 Fe/H

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeAlpha Cygnus
Mean Variability Period in Days0.077
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)5.550 - 5.640

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)147.50
Effective Temperature5,716 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
223385+61 2533.0A5.700000.0000011.00000A2White
B8.200001854
C10.700001912
D1924

Related Stars


Comments and Questions

There's no register feature and no need to give an email address if you don't need to. All messages will be reviewed before being displayed. Comments may be merged or altered slightly such as if an email address is given in the main body of the comment.

You can decline to give a name which if that is the case, the comment will be attributed to a random star. A name is preferred even if its a random made up one by yourself.

   
x
This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine