70 G. Centauri is a blue eruptive supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Centaurus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
HIP57741 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD102878.
The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 70 G. Centauri. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.
More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 70 G. Centauri, the location is 11h 50m 27.28 and -62° 38` 57.8 .
70 G. Centauri has a spectral type of A3Iab. This means the star is a blue supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.23 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,184 Kelvin.
70 G. Centauri Radius has been calculated as being 41.52 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 28,886,592.73.km. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
70 G. Centauri has an apparent magnitude of 5.68 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -4.19 Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.06 which gave the calculated distance to 70 G. Centauri as 3077.01 light years away from Earth or 943.40 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 3077.01 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star is a eruptive Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 70 G. Centauri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 5.803 to a magnitude of 5.735 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Alternative Names||HD 102878, HIP 57741|
|Star Type||very luminous Supergiant Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||5.68|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||11h 50m 27.28|
|Declination (Dec.)||-62° 38` 57.8|
|Galactic Latitude||-0.60 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||295.99 degrees|
|Distance from Earth||1.06 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|3077.01 Light Years|
|Radial Velocity||-8.80 ± 0.50 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Eruptive|
|Variable Star Type||Irregular|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||0.077|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||5.735 - 5.803|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||7,184 Kelvin|