75 G. Eri is a orange to red pulsating star that can be located in the constellation of Eridanus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
HIP15230 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD20356. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 75. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 75 G. Eri, the location is 03h 16m 21.71 and -05d43`49.5 .
All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -20.23 ± 0.31 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 22.95 ± 0.65 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.
75 G. Eri has a spectral type of K5. This means the star is a orange to red star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.64 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,659 Kelvin.
75 G. Eri Radius has been calculated as being 41.32 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 28,752,478.22.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 58.64. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
75 G. Eri has an apparent magnitude of 6.30 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.25 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.01. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 3.09 which gave the calculated distance to 75 G. Eri as 1055.54 light years away from Earth or 323.62 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1055.54 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 2.18 which put 75 G. Eri at a distance of 1496.16 light years or 458.72 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.
The star is a pulsating Semi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 75 G. Eri brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.480 to a magnitude of 6.396 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Traditional/Proper Name||75 G. Eri|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||15230|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BD-06 638|
|Henry Draper Designation||20356|
|Absolute Magnitude||-1.25 / -2.01|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||6.30|
|Naked Eye Visible||Yes - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||03h 16m 21.71|
|Galactic Latitude||-49.45 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||187.70 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||3.09 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|1055.54 Light Years|
|2007 Revised Distance from Earth||2.18 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|1496.16 Light Years|
|Proper Motion Dec.||-20.23 ± 0.31 milliarcseconds/year|
|Proper Motion RA.||22.95 ± 0.65 milliarcseconds/year|
|Colour||(K) Orange to Red|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Semi-Regular Star which are giants or supergiants of intermediate and late spectral|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||0.078|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||6.396 - 6.480|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||3,659 Kelvin|