Universe Guide


78 Piscium - HD6680 - HIP5319

78 Piscium is a blue to white subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Pisces. HIP5319 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD6680. 78 Piscium has alternative name(s), 78 Piscium , 78 Psc.

Location of 78 Piscium

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 78 Piscium, the location is 01h 08m 01.20 and +32d00`43.9 .

Proper Motion of 78 Piscium

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -025.73 ± 000.32 towards the north and 203.33 ± 000.53 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of 78 Piscium

78 Piscium has a spectral type of F5IV. This means the star is a blue to white subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.39 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 6,775 Kelvin.

78 Piscium has been calculated as 1.61 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,120,827.04.km.

78 Piscium Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

78 Piscium has an apparent magnitude of 6.23 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.12 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.15. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 78 Piscium

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.87 which gave the calculated distance to 78 Piscium as 136.64 light years away from Earth or 41.89 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 136.64 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 24.16 which put 78 Piscium at a distance of 135.00 light years or 41.39 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

78 Piscium Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional Name78 Piscium
Short Name78 Psc
Alternative Name(s)78 Piscium
Hipparcos Library I.D.5319
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+31 185
Henry Draper Designation6680

Visual Facts

Star Typesubgiant star
Absolute Magnitude3.12 / 3.15
Apparent Magnitude6.23
Right Ascension (R.A.)01h 08m 01.20
Declination (Dec.)+32d00`43.9
1997 Distance from Earth23.87 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 136.64 Light Years
 41.89 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth24.16 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 135.00 Light Years
 41.39 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-25.73 ± 0.32 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.203.33 ± 0.53 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.39
Spectral TypeF5IV
Colour(F) blue to white

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)1.61
Calculated Effective Temperature6,775 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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