Universe Guide

79 Ceti

79 Ceti Facts

  • 79 Ceti is a subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Cetus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • 79 Ceti is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (G5IV) of the star, the star's colour is yellow .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • The star has an estimated age of 9.40 Billion of Years but could be as young as 8.60 to 10.20 according to Hipparcos.
  • 79 Ceti has at least 1 Extrasolar Planets believed to be in orbit around the star.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 127.06 light years away from us. Distance

79 Ceti's Alternative Names

HIP12048 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD16141.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 79 Ceti. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 79 Cet.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 267 G. Ceti. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD-04 426.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of 79 Ceti

The location of the subgiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 79 Ceti, the location is 02h 35m 20.02 and -03° 33` 34.3 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of 79 Ceti

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -438.79 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -157.31 ± 0.66 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -50.93000 km/s with an error of about 0.09 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of 79 Ceti

79 Ceti Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of G5IV , 79 Ceti's colour and type is yellow subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.67 which means the star's temperature is about 5,656 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

79 Ceti Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 2.64 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

79 Ceti Radius

79 Ceti estimated radius has been calculated as being 1.51 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,047,922.75.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.6287203106779616219428443614. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

79 Ceti Mass

The 79 Ceti's solar mass is 1.01 times that of our star, the Sun. The Sun's Mass is 1,989,100,000,000,000,000,000 billion kg. which to calculate using this website is too large. To give idea of size, the Sun is 99.86% the mass of the solar system.

79 Ceti Metalicity

The star's metallicity is 0.020000, this value is the fractional amount of the star that is not Hydrogen (X) or Helium (Y). An older star would have a high metallicity whereas a new star would have a lower one.

79 Ceti Estimated Age

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 9.40 Billion years old but could be between 8.60 and 10.20 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

79 Ceti Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

79 Ceti has an apparent magnitude of 6.83 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.05 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.88. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 79 Ceti

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 27.85000 which gave the calculated distance to 79 Ceti as 117.11 light years away from Earth or 35.91 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 688,445,817,453,532.57, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 25.67000 which put 79 Ceti at a distance of 127.06 light years or 38.96 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 8,036,020.86 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,422.00 Parsecs or 24,207.84 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to 79 Ceti

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736115,772,484.89
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269111,054,335.42
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5455,527,095.34
New Horizons Probe33,0002,582,077.24
Speed of Light670,616,629.00127.06

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional 79 Ceti Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional Name79 Ceti
Alternative NamesHD 16141, HIP 12048, 267 G. Ceti, 79 Cet, BD-04 426
Spectral TypeG5IV
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeSubgiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Age9.40 Billion Years Old
Age Range8.60 - 10.20 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 4.05 / 3.88
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.83
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)02h 35m 20.02
Declination (Dec.)-03° 33` 34.3
Galactic Latitude-55.77751657 degrees
Galactic Longitude173.93909625 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth27.85000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 117.11 Light Years
 35.91 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth25.67000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 127.06 Light Years
 38.96 Parsecs
 8,036,020.86 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,207.84 Light Years / 7,422.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-438.79000 ± 0.38000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-157.31000 ± 0.66000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.67
Radial Velocity-50.93000 ± 0.09 km/s
Iron Abundance0.1000 ± 0.01 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis6288.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)2.6400000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet Count1

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)1.63
Effective Temperature5,656 Kelvin
Mass Compared to the Sun1.01

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

List of Extrasolar Planets orbiting 79 Ceti

NameStatusMass (Jupiters)Orbital Period (Days)EccentricityDiscoveredSemi-Major AxisPeriastron
HD 16141 bConfirmed0.0375.8200.2820000.3541.000

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