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9 Ceti, HD1835, HIP1803

9 Ceti is a white to yellow rotating main sequence dwarf star that can be located in the constellation of Cetus. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it. The star has an estimated age of 6.30 Billion of Years but could be as young as 2.20 to 10.20 according to Hipparcos.

HIP1803 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD1835. The Id of the star in the Gould Star Catalogue is 37. Stars in the southern hemisphere are more likely to have a Gould Id than the northern hemisphere. For example, there are no Gould classified stars in Ursa Major. The Gliese ID of the star is Gliese GL17.3. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Ref : Star Names.

9 Ceti has alternative name(s), BE Cet.

Location of 9 Ceti

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For 9 Ceti, the location is 00h 22m 51.55 and -12d12`34.5 .

Proper Motion of 9 Ceti

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 61.14 ± 0.31 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 394.45 ± 0.53 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Age, Radius) of 9 Ceti

9 Ceti has a spectral type of G3V. This means the star is a white to yellow main sequence dwarf star. The star is 7401.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24139.3490894400000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.6 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,895 Kelvin.

9 Ceti Radius has been calculated as being 0.96 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 670,459.72.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 0.99. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is 0.17 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 6.30 Billion years old but could be between 2.20 and 10.20 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

9 Ceti Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

9 Ceti has an apparent magnitude of 6.39 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.84 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 4.79. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to 9 Ceti

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 49.05 which gave the calculated distance to 9 Ceti as 66.50 light years away from Earth or 20.39 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 66.50 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 47.93 which put 9 Ceti at a distance of 68.05 light years or 20.86 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,401.00 Parsecs or 24,139.35 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of 9 Ceti

The star is a rotating BY Draconis variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. 9 Ceti brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.529 to a magnitude of 6.510 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 7.3 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

9 Ceti Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional/Proper Name9 Ceti
Flamsteed Name9 Ceti
Flamsteed Short Name9 Cet
Short NameBE Cet
Hipparcos Library I.D.1803
Bonner DurchmusterungBD-13 60
Gould I.D.37
Gliese ID17.3
Henry Draper Designation1835

Visual Facts

Star Typemain sequence dwarf star
Age6.30 Billion Years Old
Age Range2.20 - 10.20 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude4.84 / 4.79
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.39
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 22m 51.55
Declination (Dec.)-12d12`34.5
Galactic Latitude-73.65 degrees
Galactic Longitude97.36 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth49.05 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 66.50 Light Years
 20.39 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth47.93 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 68.05 Light Years
 20.86 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,139.35 Light Years / 7,401.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.61.14 ± 0.31 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.394.45 ± 0.53 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.60
Radial Velocity-2.53 ± 0.09 km/s
Iron Abundance0.17 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Spectral TypeG3V
Colour(G) White to Yellow

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassRotating
Variable Star TypeBY Draconis
Mean Variability Period in Days7.336
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.510 - 6.529

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature5,895 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
1835-13 60.0A7.00000391.0000065.00000G0Yellow
B12.400001909

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