HIP41726 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD72268.
AB Pyxidis has alternative name(s) :- , AB Pyx.
More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .
The location of the supergiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For AB Pyxidis, the location is 08h 30m 29.80 and -36° 43` 16.8 .
Based on the star's spectral type of M3/M4Ib , AB Pyxidis's colour and type is red supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.9 which means the star's temperature is about 2,472 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.
AB Pyxidis estimated radius has been calculated as being 315.39 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 219,447,064.03.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
AB Pyxidis has an apparent magnitude of 6.78 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. Using the supplied Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.96 Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.71000 which gave the calculated distance to AB Pyxidis as 4593.85 light years away from Earth or 1408.45 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 27,005,523,170,599,526.80, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.
The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).
The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.
|Description||Speed (m.p.h.)||Time (years)|
|Speed of Sound (Mach 1)||767.269||4,015,165,738.65|
|Concorde (Mach 2)||1,534.54||2,007,580,252.80|
|New Horizons Probe||33,000||93,354,915.19|
|Speed of Light||670,616,629.00||4,593.85|
The star is a pulsating Slow Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. AB Pyxidis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.886 to a magnitude of 6.579 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.3 days (variability).
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Primary / Proper / Traditional Name||AB Pyxidis|
|Alternative Names||HD 72268, HIP 41726, AB Pyx|
|Constellation's Main Star||No|
|Multiple Star System||No / Unknown|
|Star Type||very luminous Supergiant Star less luminour Supergiant Star|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||6.78|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||08h 30m 29.80|
|Declination (Dec.)||-36° 43` 16.8|
|Galactic Latitude||1.50034314 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||256.20553624 degrees|
|Distance from Earth||0.71000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|4593.85 Light Years|
|290,511,642.05 Astronomical Units|
|Radial Velocity||24.90000 ± 0.60 km/s|
|Variable Star Class||Pulsating|
|Variable Star Type||Slow Irregular|
|Mean Variability Period in Days||0.285|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||6.579 - 6.886|
|Radius (x the Sun)||315.39|
|Effective Temperature||2,472 Kelvin|
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