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AF Velorum, HIP53213

AF Velorum is a blue to white pulsating variable star that can be located in the constellation of Vela. The description is based on the spectral class. AF Velorum is not part of the constellation but is within the borders of the constellation.

The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.

AF Velorum's Alternative Names

HIP53213 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue.

AF Velorum has alternative name(s) :- , AF Vel.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of AF Velorum

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For AF Velorum, the location is 10h 53m 02.45 and -49° 54` 22.6 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of AF Velorum

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -14.19 ± 1.55 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 40.12 ± 2.18 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 235.90 km/s with an error of about 2.90 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour) of AF Velorum

AF Velorum has a spectral type of F2.5. This means the star is a blue to white variable star. The star's Iron Abundance is -1.50 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

AF Velorum Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

AF Velorum has an apparent magnitude of 11.61 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.36 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.42. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number. }

Distance to AF Velorum

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 2.24 which gave the calculated distance to AF Velorum as 1456.09 light years away from Earth or 446.43 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 1456.09 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.45 which put AF Velorum at a distance of 2249.40 light years or 689.66 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 142,251,595.05 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Variable Type of AF Velorum

The star is a pulsating RR Lyrae type with a variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. AF Velorum brightness ranges from a magnitude of 11.895 to a magnitude of 10.938 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.5 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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AF Velorum Facts

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAF Velorum
Alternative NamesHIP 53213, AF Vel
Spectral TypeF2.5
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
Colour blue to white
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 3.36 / 2.42
Visual / Apparent Magnitude11.61
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 4.5 - 6 Inch Telescope - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)10h 53m 02.45
Declination (Dec.)-49° 54` 22.6
Galactic Latitude8.60 degrees
Galactic Longitude284.16 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth2.24 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1456.09 Light Years
 446.43 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.45 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 2249.40 Light Years
 689.66 Parsecs
 142,251,595.05 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-14.19 ± 1.55 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.40.12 ± 2.18 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-99.00
Radial Velocity235.90 ± 2.90 km/s
Iron Abundance-1.50 ± 9.99 Fe/H

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeRR Lyrae type with a
Mean Variability Period in Days0.527
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)10.938 - 11.895

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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