Universe Guide

Al Fawaris (Delta Cygni, 18 Cygni) Star Facts

Al Fawaris Facts

  • Al Fawaris is a giant star that can be located in the constellation of Cygnus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Al Fawaris is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (B9.5III) of the star, the star's colour is blue .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 164.98 light years away from us. Distance

Al Fawaris's Alternative Names

Delta Cygni (Del Cyg) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR7528. HIP97165 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD186882.

Al Fawaris has alternative name(s) :- Rukh.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 18 Cygni. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 18 Cyg.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+44 3234.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Al Fawaris

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Al Fawaris, the location is 19h 44m 58.44 and +45° 07` 50.5 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Al Fawaris

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 48.66 ± 0.41 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 44.07 ± 0.48 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -23.60000 km/s with an error of about 3.00 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Al Fawaris

Al Fawaris Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of B9.5III , Al Fawaris's colour and type is blue giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0 which means the star's temperature is about 9,531 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

Al Fawaris Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 199.64 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Al Fawaris Radius

Al Fawaris estimated radius has been calculated as being 4.82 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,350,565.84.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.6412284558685561112717567954. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Al Fawaris Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Al Fawaris has an apparent magnitude of 2.86 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.74 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -0.66. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Al Fawaris

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 19.07000 which gave the calculated distance to Al Fawaris as 171.03 light years away from Earth or 52.44 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 1,005,421,297,575,592.82, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 19.77000 which put Al Fawaris at a distance of 164.98 light years or 50.58 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 10,432,801.20 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,390.00 Parsecs or 24,103.47 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to Al Fawaris

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736150,323,819.91
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269144,197,577.97
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5472,098,695.02
New Horizons Probe33,0003,352,676.71
Speed of Light670,616,629.00164.98

Meteor Showers Radiating from near Al Fawaris

The delta Cygnids Meteor Shower radiants from a point near this star. The meteor shower runs typically between with a peak date of 14th October. The speed of a meteor in the shower is 14 Km/s.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Al Fawaris Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAl Fawaris
Alternative NamesDelta Cygni, Del Cyg, Rukh, HD 186882, HIP 97165, HR 7528, 18 Cygni, 18 Cyg, BD+44 3234
Spectral TypeB9.5III
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -0.74 / -0.66
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.86
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)19h 44m 58.44
Declination (Dec.)+45° 07` 50.5
Galactic Latitude10.24305979 degrees
Galactic Longitude78.70939320 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth19.07000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 171.03 Light Years
 52.44 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth19.77000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 164.98 Light Years
 50.58 Parsecs
 10,432,801.20 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,103.47 Light Years / 7,390.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.48.66000 ± 0.41000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.44.07000 ± 0.48000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0
Radial Velocity-23.60000 ± 3.00 km/s
Semi-Major Axis7079.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)199.6400000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)4.64
Effective Temperature9,531 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
186882+44 3234.0A3.0000044.0000044.00000A0White

Location of Al Fawaris in Cygnus

Al Fawaris Location in Cygnus

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

Cygnus Main Stars

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