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Algenib (Gamma Pegasi) - HD886 - HIP1067 - HR39

Algenib (Gamma Pegasi) is a blue pulsating subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Pegasus. Gamma Pegasi is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR39. HIP1067 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD886. Algenib has alternative name(s), 88 Pegasi , gam_Peg, 88 Peg. In Arabic, it is known as Al-Janb.

Location of Algenib

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Algenib, the location is 00h 13m 14.15 and +15d11`01.0 .

Proper Motion of Algenib

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -009.28 ± 000.25 towards the north and 001.98 ± 000.53 east if we saw them in the horizon.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Algenib

Algenib has a spectral type of B2IV. This means the star is a blue subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.19 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 16,152 Kelvin.

Algenib has been calculated as 3.31 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,306,518.88.km.

Algenib Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Algenib has an apparent magnitude of 2.83 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.22 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -2.57. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Algenib

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.79 which gave the calculated distance to Algenib as 333.16 light years away from Earth or 102.15 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 333.16 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 8.33 which put Algenib at a distance of 391.55 light years or 120.05 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Variable Type of Algenib

The star is a pulsating Beta Cephei variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Algenib brightness ranges from a magnitude of 3.000 to a magnitude of 3.000 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star.

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Stellar Age, Metallicity or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Algenib Facts

Alternative Names

Traditional NameAlgenib
Short Namegam Peg, 88 Peg
Arabic NameAl-Janb
English MeaningThe flank
Bayer DesignationGamma Pegasi
Alternative Name(s)88 Pegasi
Hipparcos Library I.D.1067
Yale Bright Star Catalogue (HR) Id39
Bonner DurchmusterungBD+14 14
Henry Draper Designation886

Visual Facts

Star Typesubgiant star
Absolute Magnitude-2.22 / -2.57
Apparent Magnitude2.83
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 13m 14.15
Declination (Dec.)+15d11`01.0
1997 Distance from Earth9.79 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 333.16 Light Years
 102.15 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth8.33 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 391.55 Light Years
 120.05 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-9.28 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.1.98 ± 0.53 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.19
Spectral TypeB2IV
Colour(B) blue

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeBeta Cephei

Estimated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)3.31
Calculated Effective Temperature16,152 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.


Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
886+14 14.0A2.900002.00000-7.00000B2Blue/White
B11.800001907
BC12.400001907

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