Universe Guide
HomeAliensConstellationsTelevision and Films ListFact ListGames ListWarcraftSearchTwitterFacebook

Alniyat, Sigma Scorpii, 20 Scorpii, HD147165, HIP80112, HR6084

Alniyat Location in Scorpius

Primary Facts on Alniyat

  • Alniyat's star type is pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Scorpius. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Alniyat is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (B1III) of the star, the star's colour is blue .
  • Sigma Scorpii is the Bayer name for the star. It was assigned this name by Johann Bayer in 1603. The closer to the start of the Greek Alphabet the name, the brighter the star is. Alpha stars tend to be the brightest in the constellation. A notable exception is Pollux (Beta Geminorum) which is the brighest star in the Gemini constellation.
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 696.93 light years away from us.

Information on Alniyat

The name Alniyat (Al Niyat) is shared by two stars, this one and Tau Scorpii.

Alniyat's Alternative Names

Sigma Scorpii (Sig Sco) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR6084. HIP80112 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD147165.

Alniyat has alternative name(s) :- Al Niyat, sig Sco.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 20 Scorpii with it shortened to 20 Sco.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Alniyat

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Alniyat, the location is 16h 21m 11.32 and -25° 35` 33.9 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Alniyat

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -16.28 ± 0.35 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -10.60 ± 0.60 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 2.50 km/s with an error of about 2.00 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Alniyat Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 2,515.03 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Alniyat

Alniyat has a spectral type of B1III. This means the star is a blue giant star. The star is 7,202.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or in terms of Light Years is 23,490.28 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.29 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,270 Kelvin.

Alniyat Radius has been calculated as being 34.82 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 24,230,194.72.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 33.10. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Alniyat Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Alniyat has an apparent magnitude of 2.90 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.86 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -3.75. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Alniyat

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 4.44 which gave the calculated distance to Alniyat as 734.60 light years away from Earth or 225.23 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 734.60 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 4.68 which put Alniyat at a distance of 696.93 light years or 213.68 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 44,074,356.68 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,202.00 Parsecs or 23,490.28 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of Alniyat

The star is a pulsating Beta Cephei variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Alniyat brightness ranges from a magnitude of 2.942 to a magnitude of 2.894 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.2 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Hide Explanations
Show GridLines

Additional Alniyat Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAlniyat
Alternative NamesSigma Scorpii, Sig Sco, Al Niyat, HD 147165, HIP 80112, HR 6084, 20 Scorpii, 20 Sco, sig Sco
Spectral TypeB1III
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeGiant Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -3.86 / -3.75
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.90
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)16h 21m 11.32
Declination (Dec.)-25° 35` 33.9
Galactic Latitude17.00 degrees
Galactic Longitude351.31 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth4.44 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 734.60 Light Years
 225.23 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth4.68 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 696.93 Light Years
 213.68 Parsecs
 44,074,356.68 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance23,490.28 Light Years / 7,202.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-16.28 ± 0.35 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-10.60 ± 0.60 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.29
Radial Velocity2.50 ± 2.00 km/s
Semi-Major Axis6538.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)2,515.03

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeBeta Cephei
Mean Variability Period in Days0.247
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)2.894 - 2.942

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature7,270 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear

Related Stars

Add a Comment

Email: (Optional)
This website is using cookies. More info. That's Fine