Universe Guide

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum (12 Canum Venaticorum B) Star Facts

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Facts

  • Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum is a main sequence star that can be located in the constellation of Canes Venatici. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (F0V) of the star, the star's colour is yellow to white .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • The star has an estimated age of 1.70 Billion of Years but could be as young as 1.40 to 1.90 according to Hipparcos.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 120.36 light years away from us. Distance

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum's Alternative Names

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum (Alf01 Cvn) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Bayer Classification was created by Johann Bayer in 1603. The brightest star in the constellation is normally given the Alpha designation, there are exceptions such as Pollux which is Beta Geminorum.

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR4914. HIP63121 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD112412.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John named the stars in the constellation with a number and its latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 12 Canum Venaticorum B. The Flamsteed name can be shortened to 12 Cvn B.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+39 2580B.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum, the location is 12h 56m 00.60 and +38° 18` 52.9 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 55.69 ± 6.22 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -232.86 ± 9.54 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -0.60000 km/s with an error of about 0.90 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of F0V , Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum's colour and type is yellow to white main sequence star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.33 which means the star's temperature is about 7,066 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Radius

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum estimated radius has been calculated as being 1.18 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 818,474.26.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.7399186570206540304632125563. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Iron Abundance

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Iron Abundance is -0.25 with an error value of 0.05 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Estimated Age

The stars age according to Hipparcos data files put the star at an age of about 1.70 Billion years old but could be between 1.40 and 1.90 Billion years old. In comparison, the Sun's age is about 4.6 Billion Years Old.

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum has an apparent magnitude of 5.61 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.62 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.77. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 39.95000 which gave the calculated distance to Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum as 81.64 light years away from Earth or 25.03 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 479,930,975,466,709.92, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 27.10000 which put Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum at a distance of 120.36 light years or 36.90 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 7,611,118.32 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736109,667,686.78
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269105,198,330.01
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5452,599,096.45
New Horizons Probe33,0002,445,921.74
Speed of Light670,616,629.00120.36

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Alpha1 Canum Venaticorum Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAlpha1 Canum Venaticorum
Alternative NamesAlf01 Cvn, HD 112412, HIP 63121, HR 4914, 12 Canum Venaticorum B, 12 Cvn B, BD+39 2580B
Spectral TypeF0V
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type Main Sequence Dwarf Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationCanes Venatici
Age1.70 Billion Years Old
Age Range1.40 - 1.90 Billion Years Old
Absolute Magnitude 3.62 / 2.77
Visual / Apparent Magnitude5.61
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)12h 56m 00.60
Declination (Dec.)+38° 18` 52.9
Galactic Latitude78.77259376 degrees
Galactic Longitude118.32100619 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth39.95000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 81.64 Light Years
 25.03 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth27.10000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 120.36 Light Years
 36.90 Parsecs
 7,611,118.32 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.55.69000 ± 6.22000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-232.86000 ± 9.54000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.33
Radial Velocity-0.60000 ± 0.90 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.2500 ± 0.05 Fe/H
Associated / Clustered StarsCor Caroli

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)1.74
Effective Temperature7,066 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Canes Venatici Main Stars

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