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Altair, Alpha Aquilae, 53 Aquilae, HD187642, HIP97649, HR7557

Altair Location in Aquila

Primary Facts on Altair

  • Altair's star type is eclipsing binary sys subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Aquila. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Altair is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (A7IV-V) of the star, the star's colour is blue .
  • Alpha Aquilae is the Bayer name for the star. It was assigned this name by Johann Bayer in 1603. The closer to the start of the Greek Alphabet the name, the brighter the star is. Alpha stars tend to be the brightest in the constellation. A notable exception is Pollux (Beta Geminorum) which is the brighest star in the Gemini constellation.
  • Altair is the 12th brightest star in the night sky and is the brightest star in Aquila based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 16.73 light years away from us.

Altair's Alternative Names

Alpha Aquilae (Alf Aql) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR7557. HIP97649 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD187642. The Gliese ID of the star is GL 768. The star was part of the original catalogue devised by German Astronomer Wilheim Gliese of stars located within 20 parsecs of Earth. Star Names In Arabic, it is known as At-Ta'ir.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 53 Aquilae with it shortened to 53 Aql.

The Gould star designation is one that was designed by American astronomer, Benjamin Apthorp Gould. Gould stars are predominantly in the Southern and Equatorial constellations but do appear in northern constellations such as Bootes and Orion. The star has the designation 86 G. Aquilae. There are no stars with a Gould designation in Ursa Major for example.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+08 4236.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Altair

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Altair, the location is 19h 50m 46.68 and +08° 52` 02.6 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Altair

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 385.29 ± 0.32 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 536.23 ± 0.57 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -26.60 km/s with an error of about 0.40 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Altair Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 10.84 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Altair

Altair has a spectral type of A7IV-V. This means the star is a blue subgiant star. The star is 7,397.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or in terms of Light Years is 24,126.30 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.22 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,650 Kelvin.

Altair Radius has been calculated as being 1.92 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,336,728.67.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.92. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures. The star's Iron Abundance is -0.24 with an error value of 9.99 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context.

Altair Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Altair has an apparent magnitude of 0.76 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.21 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.21. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Altair

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 194.44 which gave the calculated distance to Altair as 16.77 light years away from Earth or 5.14 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 16.77 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 194.95 which put Altair at a distance of 16.73 light years or 5.13 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 1,058,131.08 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,397.00 Parsecs or 24,126.30 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of Altair

The star is a eclipsing binary sys Beta Persei (Algol) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. Altair brightness ranges from a magnitude of 0.869 to a magnitude of 0.820 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 7.9 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Altair Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAltair
Alternative NamesAlpha Aquilae, Alf Aql, At-Ta'ir, HD 187642, HIP 97649, HR 7557, 86 G. Aquilae, 53 Aquilae, 53 Aql, BD+08 4236, Gliese 768
Spectral TypeA7IV-V
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeSubgiant Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 2.21 / 2.21
Visual / Apparent Magnitude0.76
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)19h 50m 46.68
Declination (Dec.)+08° 52` 02.6
Galactic Latitude-8.91 degrees
Galactic Longitude47.74 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth194.44 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 16.77 Light Years
 5.14 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth194.95 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 16.73 Light Years
 5.13 Parsecs
 1,058,131.08 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,126.30 Light Years / 7,397.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.385.29 ± 0.32 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.536.23 ± 0.57 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.22
Radial Velocity-26.60 ± 0.40 km/s
Iron Abundance-0.24 ± 9.99 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis7718.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)10.84
Brightest in Night Sky12th

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary sys
Variable Star TypeBeta Persei (Algol)
Mean Variability Period in Days7.945
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)0.820 - 0.869

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature7,650 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
187642+08 4236.0A0.90000537.00000387.00000A5White
+08 4232.0B9.600009.00000-16.000001925
+08 4238.0C10.100001959

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