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Aludra, Eta Canis Majoris, 31 Canis Majoris, HD58350, HIP35904, HR2827

Aludra Location in Canis Major

Primary Facts on Aludra

  • Aludra's star type is supergiant star that can be located in the constellation of Canis Major. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • Aludra is a main star of the constellation outline.
  • Based on the spectral type (B5Ia) of the star, the star's colour is blue .
  • Eta Canis Majoris is the Bayer name for the star. It was assigned this name by Johann Bayer in 1603. The closer to the start of the Greek Alphabet the name, the brighter the star is. Alpha stars tend to be the brightest in the constellation. A notable exception is Pollux (Beta Geminorum) which is the brighest star in the Gemini constellation.
  • Aludra is the 87th brightest star in the night sky and the 5th brightest star in Canis Major based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 1988.80 light years away from us.

Aludra's Alternative Names

Eta Canis Majoris (Eta Cma) is the Bayer Classification for the star. The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR2827. HIP35904 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD58350.

Aludra has alternative name(s) :- , eta CMa. In Arabic, it is known as Al-'Udhrah.

Flamsteed designations are named after the creator, Sir John Flamsteed. Sir John numbered the stars in the constellation with a number and the latin name, this star's Flamsteed designation is 31 Canis Majoris with it shortened to 31 CMa.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of Aludra

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Aludra, the location is 07h 24m 05.71 and -29° 18` 11.2 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of Aludra

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 5.81 ± 0.35 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -4.14 ± 0.40 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is 41.10 km/s with an error of about 2.50 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of Aludra

Aludra has a spectral type of B5Ia. This means the star is a blue supergiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.08 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 12,939 Kelvin.

Aludra Radius has been calculated as being 59.04 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 41,082,809.35.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 36.74. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Aludra Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Aludra has an apparent magnitude of 2.45 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -7.51 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -6.48. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Aludra

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 1.02 which gave the calculated distance to Aludra as 3197.68 light years away from Earth or 980.39 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 3197.68 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 1.64 which put Aludra at a distance of 1988.80 light years or 609.76 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 125,771,151.87 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. Aludra brightness ranges from a magnitude of 2.478 to a magnitude of 2.382 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional Aludra Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAludra
Alternative NamesEta Canis Majoris, Eta Cma, Al-'Udhrah, HD 58350, HIP 35904, HR 2827, 31 Canis Majoris, 31 CMa, eta CMa
Spectral TypeB5Ia
Constellation's Main StarYes
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star Type very luminous Supergiant Star
Colour blue
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationCanis Major
Absolute Magnitude -7.51 / -6.48
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.45
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)07h 24m 05.71
Declination (Dec.)-29° 18` 11.2
Galactic Latitude-6.49 degrees
Galactic Longitude242.62 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth1.02 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 3197.68 Light Years
 980.39 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth1.64 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 1988.80 Light Years
 609.76 Parsecs
 125,771,151.87 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.5.81 ± 0.35 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-4.14 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.08
Radial Velocity41.10 ± 2.50 km/s
Brightest in Night Sky87th

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Mean Variability Period in Days0.079
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)2.382 - 2.478

Estimated Facts

Calculated Effective Temperature12,939 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
58350-29 4328.2A2.40000-9.000003.00000B7Blue/White
58324-29 4321.2B6.90000-31.000000.00000A0White1833

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