Universe Guide

AR Cassiopeiae

AR Cassiopeiae Facts

  • AR Cassiopeiae is a eclipsing binary sys subgiant star that can be located in the constellation of Cassiopeia. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • AR Cassiopeiae is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (B3IV) of the star, the star's colour is blue .
  • The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 621.26 light years away from us. Distance

Information on AR Cassiopeiae

AR Cassiopeiae is one of the biggest multiple star system that we have so far discovered in the milky way. The only other star system that has that many is Jabbah in the constellation of Scorpius. However as the galaxy consists of so many stars and not all have been checked out yet, we may yet find a star system that has more than the seven that this star is believed to have.

AR Cassiopeiae's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8926. HIP115990 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD221253.

AR Cassiopeiae has alternative name(s) :- , AR Cas.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+57 2748.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of AR Cassiopeiae

The location of the subgiant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For AR Cassiopeiae, the location is 23h 30m 01.92 and +58° 32` 56.1 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of AR Cassiopeiae

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 4.15 ± 0.38 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 17.90 ± 0.52 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -13.40000 km/s with an error of about 2.80 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of AR Cassiopeiae

AR Cassiopeiae Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of B3IV , AR Cassiopeiae's colour and type is blue subgiant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of -0.12 which means the star's temperature is about 12,367 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

AR Cassiopeiae Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 726.30 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

AR Cassiopeiae Radius

AR Cassiopeiae estimated radius has been calculated as being 3.77 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 2,623,446.81.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.0774581167579216748746309634. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

AR Cassiopeiae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

AR Cassiopeiae has an apparent magnitude of 4.89 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.34 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.51. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to AR Cassiopeiae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 5.67000 which gave the calculated distance to AR Cassiopeiae as 575.24 light years away from Earth or 176.37 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 3,381,620,459,670,139.82, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 5.25000 which put AR Cassiopeiae at a distance of 621.26 light years or 190.48 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 39,289,046.52 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,474.00 Parsecs or 24,377.45 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to AR Cassiopeiae

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736566,069,683.33
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269543,000,286.64
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54271,499,789.47
New Horizons Probe33,00012,625,069.30
Speed of Light670,616,629.00621.26

Variable Type of AR Cassiopeiae

The star is a eclipsing binary sys Beta Persei (Algol) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. AR Cassiopeiae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 4.960 to a magnitude of 4.840 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 6.1 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional AR Cassiopeiae Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAR Cassiopeiae
Alternative NamesAr Cas, HD 221253, HIP 115990, HR 8926, BD+57 2748, AR Cas
Spectral TypeB3IV
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemYes
Star TypeSubgiant Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -1.34 / -1.51
Visual / Apparent Magnitude4.89
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)23h 30m 01.92
Declination (Dec.)+58° 32` 56.1
Galactic Latitude-2.65883722 degrees
Galactic Longitude112.46568832 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth5.67000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 575.24 Light Years
 176.37 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth5.25000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 621.26 Light Years
 190.48 Parsecs
 39,289,046.52 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,377.45 Light Years / 7,474.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.4.15000 ± 0.38000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.17.90000 ± 0.52000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index-0.12
Radial Velocity-13.40000 ± 2.80 km/s
Semi-Major Axis7271.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)726.3000000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary sys
Variable Star TypeBeta Persei (Algol)
Mean Variability Period in Days6.066
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)4.840 - 4.960

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)4.08
Effective Temperature12,367 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Multi-Star System

The star has been identified as being a multi-star system, one in which there is at least one star in close orbit to another star or two or more stars orbiting a central point. The stars may be of equal mass, unequal mass where one star is stronger than the other or be in groups orbiting a central point which doesn't necessarily have to be a star. More information can be found on my dedicated multiple star systems page. The source of the info is Simbad. The file is dated 2000 so any differences between this and any other source will be down to the actual source from where the information came from.

Proper Motion mas/yr
H.D. IdB.D. IdStar CodeMagnitudeR.A.Dec.SpectrumColourYear
221253+57 2748.0A4.9000016.000007.00000B3Blue/White
221237+57 2747.0C7.1000022.0000021.00000A0White1841

Location of AR Cassiopeiae in Cassiopeia

AR Cassiopeiae Location in Cassiopeia

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

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