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AR Lacertae, HD210334, HIP109303, HR8448

AR Lacertae is a orange to red eclipsing binary system giant star that can be located in the constellation of Lacerta. The description is based on the spectral class. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

AR Lacertae's Alternative Names

The Id of the star in the Yale Bright Star Catalogue is HR8448. HIP109303 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD210334.

AR Lacertae has alternative name(s) :- , AR Lac.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+45 3813.

More details on star alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of AR Lacertae

The location of the star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For AR Lacertae, the location is 22h 08m 40.86 and +45° 44` 31.7 .

Proper Motion of AR Lacertae

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 47.68 ± 0.25 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and -52.57 ± 0.35 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon. The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards us is -33.84000 km/s with an error of about 0.26 km/s .

AR Lacertae Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 6.57 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of AR Lacertae

AR Lacertae has a spectral type of K2III comp. This means the star is a orange to red giant star. The star is 7,404.00 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24,149.13 s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.76 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 5,391 Kelvin.

AR Lacertae Radius has been calculated as being 2.70 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 1,879,402.55.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 2.75. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

AR Lacertae Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

AR Lacertae has an apparent magnitude of 6.11 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.99 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 2.95. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to AR Lacertae

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 23.79 which gave the calculated distance to AR Lacertae as 137.10 light years away from Earth or 42.03 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 137.10 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 23.38 which put AR Lacertae at a distance of 139.51 light years or 42.77 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,404.00 Parsecs or 24,149.13 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of AR Lacertae

The star is a eclipsing binary system Beta Lyrae (Sheliak) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. AR Lacertae brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.947 to a magnitude of 6.203 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 2.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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AR Lacertae Facts

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAR Lacertae
Alternative NamesAr Lac, HD 210334, HIP 109303, HR 8448, BD+45 3813, AR Lac
Spectral TypeK2III comp
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
Colour orange to red
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationLacerta
Absolute Magnitude2.99 / 2.95
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.11
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)22h 08m 40.86
Declination (Dec.)+45° 44` 31.7
Galactic Latitude-8.30 degrees
Galactic Longitude95.56 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth23.79 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 137.10 Light Years
 42.03 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth23.38 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 139.51 Light Years
 42.77 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,149.13 Light Years / 7,404.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.47.68 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-52.57 ± 0.35 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.76
Radial Velocity-33.84 ± 0.26 km/s
Eccentricity0.16
Semi-Major Axis6497.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)6.57

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassEclipsing binary system
Variable Star TypeBeta Lyrae (Sheliak)
Mean Variability Period in Days1.983
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.203 - 6.947

Estimated Facts


Calculated Effective Temperature5,391 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

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