Universe Guide

AS Persei

AS Persei Facts

  • AS Persei is a pulsating variable star that can be located in the constellation of Perseus. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • AS Persei is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (G0) of the star, the star's colour is yellow .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 81540.84 light years away from us. Distance

AS Persei's Alternative Names

HIP20202 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue.

AS Persei has alternative name(s) :- AS Per, AS Per.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+48 1080.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of AS Persei

The location of the variable star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For AS Persei, the location is 04h 19m 46.86 and +48° 57` 11.8 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of AS Persei

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -3.43 ± 0.75 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and 0.34 ± 1.68 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -26.00000 km/s with an error of about 4.70 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of AS Persei

AS Persei Temperature and Colour

Based on the star's spectral type of G0 , AS Persei's colour and type is yellow variable star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.22 which means the star's temperature is about 4,531 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

AS Persei Radius

AS Persei estimated radius has been calculated as being 31.08 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 21,627,933.28.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 435.09776383547998407545748338. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

AS Persei Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

AS Persei has an apparent magnitude of 9.70 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.56 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -7.29. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to AS Persei

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.56000 which gave the calculated distance to AS Persei as 5824.35 light years away from Earth or 1785.71 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 34,239,171,692,301,958.90, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 0.04000 which put AS Persei at a distance of 81540.84 light years or 25000 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 5,156,584,224.60 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

Travel Time to AS Persei

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A38073674,297,069,628.57
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.26971,269,194,046.19
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.5435,634,550,579.74
New Horizons Probe33,0001,657,049,795.35
Speed of Light670,616,629.0081,540.84

Variable Type of AS Persei

The star is a pulsating Delta Cepheid variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. AS Persei brightness ranges from a magnitude of 10.234 to a magnitude of 9.355 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 5.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional AS Persei Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameAS Persei
Alternative NamesAS Per, HIP 20202, BD+48 1080, AS Per
Spectral TypeG0
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeVariable Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude -1.56 / -7.29
Visual / Apparent Magnitude9.70
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)04h 19m 46.86
Declination (Dec.)+48° 57` 11.8
Galactic Latitude-0.87272805 degrees
Galactic Longitude154.13888809 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth0.56000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 5824.35 Light Years
 1785.71 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth0.04000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 81540.84 Light Years
 25000 Parsecs
 5,156,584,224.60 Astronomical Units
Proper Motion Dec.-3.43000 ± 0.75000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.0.34000 ± 1.68000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index 1.22
Radial Velocity-26.00000 ± 4.70 km/s

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeDelta Cepheid
Mean Variability Period in Days4.972
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)9.355 - 10.234

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)435.10
Effective Temperature4,531 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Comments and Questions

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