AU Monocerotis is a blue eclipsing star that can be located in the constellation of Monoceros. The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
HIP33237 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD50846.
AU Monocerotis has alternative name(s), AU_Mon.
The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For AU Monocerotis, the location is 06h 54m 54.71 and -01d22`32.9 .
AU Monocerotis has a spectral type of B5 + F0 EA. This means the star is a blue star. The star is 8053.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 26265.9340923200000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.03 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 9,610 Kelvin.
AU Monocerotis Radius has been calculated as being 8.23 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 5,727,434.10.km. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.
AU Monocerotis has an apparent magnitude of 8.36 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.94 Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.
Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 0.87 which gave the calculated distance to AU Monocerotis as 3749.00 light years away from Earth or 1149.43 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 3749.00 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.
The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 8,053.00 Parsecs or 26,265.93 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.
The star is a eclipsing Beta Persei (Algol)/Detached Main Sequence with a subgiant (subtype) variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. This is a some uncertainty as to the type but the type mentioned is the current variable star classification for this star. AU Monocerotis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 9.000 to a magnitude of 8.000 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star.
The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.
|Traditional/Proper Name||AU Monocerotis|
|Short Name||AU Mon|
|Hipparcos Library I.D.||33237|
|Bonner Durchmusterung||BDD-01 1449|
|Henry Draper Designation||50846|
|Visual / Apparent Magnitude||8.36|
|Naked Eye Visible||Requires a 7x50 Binoculars - Ref: Wiki|
|Right Ascension (R.A.)||06h 54m 54.71|
|Galactic Latitude||0.15 degrees|
|Galactic Longitude||214.55 degrees|
|1997 Distance from Earth||0.87 Parallax (milliarcseconds)|
|3749.00 Light Years|
|Galacto-Centric Distance||26,265.93 Light Years / 8,053.00 Parsecs|
|Radial Velocity||17.00 ± 2.50 km/s|
|Spectral Type||B5 + F0 EA|
|Variable Star Class||Eclipsing|
|Variable Star Type||Beta Persei (Algol)/Detached Main Sequence with a subgiant (subtype) probably|
|Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)||8.000 - 9.000|
|Calculated Effective Temperature||9,610 Kelvin|