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BB Phoenicis

BB Phoenicis Facts

BB Phoenicis's Alternative Names

HIP2388 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD2724.

BB Phoenicis has alternative name(s) :- BB Pho, BB Phe.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of BB Phoenicis

The location of the giant star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For BB Phoenicis, the location is 00h 30m 27.83 and -40° 56` 22.7 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of BB Phoenicis

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 16.43 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -2.94 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -3.60 km/s with an error of about 0.60 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

BB Phoenicis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 46.60 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature) of BB Phoenicis

BB Phoenicis Colour and Temperature

BB Phoenicis has a spectral type of F2III. This means the star is a yellow to white giant star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.3 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 7,218 Kelvin.

BB Phoenicis Radius

Radius has been calculated as being 4.47 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 3,108,478.66.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 4.49. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

BB Phoenicis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

BB Phoenicis has an apparent magnitude of 6.18 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.63 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 0.62. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to BB Phoenicis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 7.77 which gave the calculated distance to BB Phoenicis as 419.77 light years away from Earth or 128.70 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 419.77 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 7.72 which put BB Phoenicis at a distance of 422.49 light years or 129.53 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 26,717,294.18 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,377.00 Parsecs or 24,061.07 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of BB Phoenicis

The star is a pulsating Delta Scuti variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. BB Phoenicis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 6.289 to a magnitude of 6.241 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.0 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional BB Phoenicis Facts and Figures

Visual Facts


Primary / Proper / Traditional NameBB Phoenicis
Alternative NamesBB Pho, HD 2724, HIP 2388, BB Phe
Spectral TypeF2III
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star TypeGiant Star
ColourYellow - White
GalaxyMilky Way
ConstellationPhoenix
Absolute Magnitude 0.63 / 0.62
Visual / Apparent Magnitude6.18
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)00h 30m 27.83
Declination (Dec.)-40° 56` 22.7
Galactic Latitude-75.53 degrees
Galactic Longitude318.97 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth7.77 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 419.77 Light Years
 128.70 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth7.72 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 422.49 Light Years
 129.53 Parsecs
 26,717,294.18 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance24,061.07 Light Years / 7,377.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.16.43 ± 0.25 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-2.94 ± 0.40 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.30
Radial Velocity-3.60 ± 0.60 km/s
Eccentricity0.25
Semi-Major Axis9496.00
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)46.60

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts


Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Variable Star Details


Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeDelta Scuti
Mean Variability Period in Days0.036
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)6.241 - 6.289

Estimated Calculated Facts


Radius (x the Sun)4.49
Effective Temperature7,218 Kelvin

Sources and Links


SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars


Comments and Questions

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