Universe Guide

BD+23 3912

BD+23 3912 Facts

  • BD+23 3912 is a main sequence star that can be located in the constellation of Vulpecula. The description is based on the spectral class.
  • BD+23 3912 is not part of the constellation outline but is within the borders of the constellation.
  • Based on the spectral type (G0Vwe) of the star, the star's colour is yellow .
  • The star can not be seen by the naked eye, you need a telescope to see it.
  • Using the most recent figures given by the 2007 Hipparcos data, the star is 313.02 light years away from us. Distance

BD+23 3912's Alternative Names

HIP99423 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD345957.

BD number is the number that the star was filed under in the Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung, a star catalogue that was put together by the Bonn Observatory between 1859 to 1903. The star's BD Number is BD+23 3912.

More details on objects' alternative names can be found at Star Names .

Location of BD+23 3912

The location of the main sequence star in the night sky is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the object is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For BD+23 3912, the location is 20h 10m 48.27 and +23° 57` 54.0 .

Radial Velocity and Proper Motion of BD+23 3912

Proper Motion

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving 63.37 ± 0.68 milliarcseconds/year towards the north and -171.60 ± 1.14 milliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Radial Velocity

The Radial Velocity, that is the speed at which the star is moving away/towards the Sun is -115.19000 km/s with an error of about 0.23 km/s . When the value is negative then the star and the Sun are getting closer to one another, likewise, a positive number means that two stars are moving away. Its nothing to fear as the stars are so far apart, they won't collide in our life-time, if ever.

Physical Properties of BD+23 3912

BD+23 3912 Colour and Temperature

Based on the star's spectral type of G0Vwe , BD+23 3912's colour and type is yellow main sequence star. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 0.48 which means the star's temperature is about 6,369 Kelvin. The temperature was calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu.

BD+23 3912 Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 2.47 that I have given is based on the value in the Simbad Hipparcos Extended Catalogue at the University of Strasbourg from 2012.

BD+23 3912 Radius

BD+23 3912 estimated radius has been calculated as being 1.36 times bigger than the Sun. The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 948,873.93.km. If you need the diameter of the star, you just need to multiple the radius by 2. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 1.2266533076906163390889352173. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS rather than peer reviewed papers. It has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

BD+23 3912 Iron Abundance

BD+23 3912 Iron Abundance is -1.39 with an error value of 0.02 Fe/H with the Sun has a value of 1 to put it into context. The value comes from the Hipparcos Extended Catalog.

BD+23 3912 Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

BD+23 3912 has an apparent magnitude of 8.89 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.75 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of 3.98. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to BD+23 3912

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 9.38000 which gave the calculated distance to BD+23 3912 as 347.72 light years away from Earth or 106.61 parsecs. If you want that in miles, it is about 2,044,115,614,763,404.87, based on 1 Ly = 5,878,625,373,183.61 miles.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 10.42000 which put BD+23 3912 at a distance of 313.02 light years or 95.97 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

Using the 2007 distance, the star is roughly 19,795,095.52 Astronomical Units from the Earth/Sun give or take a few. An Astronomical Unit is the distance between Earth and the Sun. The number of A.U. is the number of times that the star is from the Earth compared to the Sun. The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,358.00 Parsecs or 23,999.10 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Travel Time to BD+23 3912

The time it will take to travel to this star is dependent on how fast you are going. U.G. has done some calculations as to how long it will take going at differing speeds. A note about the calculations, when I'm talking about years, I'm talking non-leap years only (365 days).

The New Horizons space probe is the fastest probe that we've sent into space at the time of writing. Its primary mission was to visit Pluto which at the time of launch (2006), Pluto was still a planet.

DescriptionSpeed (m.p.h.)Time (years)
Airbus A380736285,212,523.38
Speed of Sound (Mach 1)767.269273,589,076.59
Concorde (Mach 2)1,534.54136,794,360.01
New Horizons Probe33,0006,361,103.55
Speed of Light670,616,629.00313.02

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

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Additional BD+23 3912 Facts and Figures

Visual Facts

Primary / Proper / Traditional NameBD+23 3912
Alternative NamesHD 345957, HIP 99423, BD+23 3912
Spectral TypeG0Vwe
Constellation's Main StarNo
Multiple Star SystemNo / Unknown
Star Type Main Sequence Dwarf Star
GalaxyMilky Way
Absolute Magnitude 3.75 / 3.98
Visual / Apparent Magnitude8.89
Naked Eye VisibleRequires a 7x50 Binoculars - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)20h 10m 48.27
Declination (Dec.)+23° 57` 54.0
Galactic Latitude-5.21132094 degrees
Galactic Longitude63.26393540 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth9.38000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 347.72 Light Years
 106.61 Parsecs
2007 Distance from Earth10.42000 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 313.02 Light Years
 95.97 Parsecs
 19,795,095.52 Astronomical Units
Galacto-Centric Distance23,999.10 Light Years / 7,358.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.63.37000 ± 0.68000 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.-171.60000 ± 1.14000 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index0.48
Radial Velocity-115.19000 ± 0.23 km/s
Iron Abundance-1.3900 ± 0.02 Fe/H
Semi-Major Axis4480.0000000
Stellar Luminosity (Lsun)2.4700000

Companions (Multi-Star and Exoplanets) Facts

Exoplanet CountNone/Unaware

Estimated Calculated Facts

Radius (x the Sun)1.23
Effective Temperature6,369 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

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