Universe Guide


Beta Gruis, HD214952, HIP112122

Beta Gruis is a red pulsating giant star that can be located in the constellation of Grus. Beta Gruis is the brightest star in Grus based on the Hipparcos 2007 apparent magnitude. The star can be seen with the naked eye, that is, you don't need a telescope/binoculars to see it.

Beta Gruis is the Bayer Classification for the star. HIP112122 is the reference name for the star in the Hipparcos Star Catalogue. The Id of the star in the Henry Draper catalogue is HD214952.

Beta Gruis has alternative name(s), bet Gru.

Location of Beta Gruis

The location of the star in the galaxy is determined by the Right Ascension (R.A.) and Declination (Dec.), these are equivalent to the Longitude and Latitude on the Earth. The Right Ascension is how far expressed in time (hh:mm:ss) the star is along the celestial equator. If the R.A. is positive then its eastwards. The Declination is how far north or south the star is compared to the celestial equator and is expressed in degrees. For Beta Gruis, the location is 22h 42m 39.93 and -46d53`04.4 .

Proper Motion of Beta Gruis

All stars like planets orbit round a central spot, in the case of planets, its the central star such as the Sun. In the case of a star, its the galactic centre. The constellations that we see today will be different than they were 50,000 years ago or 50,000 years from now. Proper Motion details the movements of these stars and are measured in milliarcseconds. The star is moving -4.38 ± 0.26 miliarcseconds/year towards the north and 135.16 ± 0.42 miliarcseconds/year east if we saw them in the horizon.

Beta Gruis Luminosity

Luminosity is the amount of energy that a star pumps out and its relative to the amount that our star, the Sun gives out. The figure of 5.0000000 that I have given is based on the Spectral Types page that I have found on the Internet. You might find a different figure, one that may have been calculated rather than generalised that I have done. The figure is always the amount times the luminosity of the Sun. It is an imprecise figure because of a number of factors including but not limited to whether the star is a variable star and distance.

Physical Properties (Colour, Temperature, Radius) of Beta Gruis

Beta Gruis has a spectral type of M5III. This means the star is a red giant star. The star is 7372.00000000 Parsecs from the Galactic Centre or terms of Light Years is 24044.7617196800000000s. The star has a B-V Colour Index of 1.61 which means the star's temperature has been calculated using information from Morgans @ Uni.edu at being 3,754 Kelvin.

Beta Gruis Radius has been calculated as being 44.46 times bigger than the Sun.The Sun's radius is 695,800km, therefore the star's radius is an estimated 30,932,442.64.km. However with the 2007 release of updated Hipparcos files, the radius is now calculated at being round 46.12. The figure is derived at by using the formula from SDSS and has been known to produce widely incorrect figures.

Beta Gruis Apparent and Absolute Magnitudes

Beta Gruis has an apparent magnitude of 2.07 which is how bright we see the star from Earth. Apparent Magnitude is also known as Visual Magnitude. If you used the 1997 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.52 If you used the 2007 Parallax value, you would get an absolute magnitude of -1.60. Magnitude, whether it be apparent/visual or absolute magnitude is measured by a number, the smaller the number, the brighter the Star is. Our own Sun is the brightest star and therefore has the lowest of all magnitudes, -26.74. A faint star will have a high number.

Distance to Beta Gruis

Using the original Hipparcos data that was released in 1997, the parallax to the star was given as 19.17 which gave the calculated distance to Beta Gruis as 170.14 light years away from Earth or 52.16 parsecs. It would take a spaceship travelling at the speed of light, 170.14 years to get there. We don't have the technology or spaceship that can carry people over that distance yet.

In 2007, Hipparcos data was revised with a new parallax of 18.43 which put Beta Gruis at a distance of 176.97 light years or 54.26 parsecs. It should not be taken as though the star is moving closer or further away from us. It is purely that the distance was recalculated.

The star's Galacto-Centric Distance is 7,372.00 Parsecs or 24,044.76 Light Years. The Galacto-Centric Distance is the distance from the star to the Centre of the Galaxy which is Sagittarius A*.

Variable Type of Beta Gruis

The star is a pulsating Slow Irregular variable type which means that its size changes over time. The Variable Type is usually named after the first star of that type to be spotted. This is a some uncertainty as to the type but the type mentioned is the current variable star classification for this star. Beta Gruis brightness ranges from a magnitude of 2.188 to a magnitude of 1.965 over its variable period. The smaller the magnitude, the brighter the star. Its variable/pulsating period lasts for 0.2 days (variability).

Source of Information

The source of the information if it has a Hip I.D. is from Simbad, the Hipparcos data library based at the University at Strasbourg, France. Hipparcos was a E.S.A. satellite operation launched in 1989 for four years. The items in red are values that I've calculated so they could well be wrong. Information regarding Metallicity and/or Mass is from the E.U. Exoplanets. The information was obtained as of 12th Feb 2017.

Beta Gruis Facts

Alternative Names

Short Namebet Gru
Bayer DesignationBeta Gruis
Hipparcos Library I.D.112122
Henry Draper Designation214952

Visual Facts

Star Typegiant star
Absolute Magnitude-1.52 / -1.60
Visual / Apparent Magnitude2.07
Naked Eye VisibleYes - Magnitudes
Right Ascension (R.A.)22h 42m 39.93
Declination (Dec.)-46d53`04.4
Galactic Latitude-57.95 degrees
Galactic Longitude346.27 degrees
1997 Distance from Earth19.17 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 170.14 Light Years
 52.16 Parsecs
2007 Revised Distance from Earth18.43 Parallax (milliarcseconds)
 176.97 Light Years
 54.26 Parsecs
Galacto-Centric Distance24,044.76 Light Years / 7,372.00 Parsecs
Proper Motion Dec.-4.38 ± 0.26 milliarcseconds/year
Proper Motion RA.135.16 ± 0.42 milliarcseconds/year
B-V Index1.61
Radial Velocity-0.30 ± 0.30 km/s
Spectral TypeM5III
Colour(M) Red

Variable Star Details

Variable Star ClassPulsating
Variable Star TypeSlow Irregular probably
Mean Variability Period in Days0.200
Variable Magnitude Range (Brighter - Dimmer)1.965 - 2.188

Estimated Facts

Luminosity (x the Sun)5.0000000
Calculated Effective Temperature3,754 Kelvin

Sources and Links

SIMBAD SourceLink

Related Stars

Location of Beta Gruis in Grus

Beta Gruis (Beta Gruis) Location in Grus

The map was generated using Night Vision, an awesome free application by Brian Simpson.

Add a Comment

Email: (Optional)